Q9. Are the qualifications offered only through apprenticeships?
Qualifications can only be obtained through this apprenticeship scheme
The same qualifications can be achieved also through other schemes (i.e. school-based VET)
Leading to formal educational/VET qualifications, Type 1, together with Type 3 Apprenticeship, “organically integrate, in a dual system, training and work with reference to the education and training qualifications as well to the occupational qualifications included in the National Inventory” (also see Q20).
The same qualifications may also be obtained as a full-time student and not as a “student and worker”, like in apprenticeship.
As for the research sub type and apprenticeships for regulated professions, there is no link with any formal educational qualification but a professional status and an occupational qualification, determined by the inter-sectoral and sectoral collective agreement.
 art. 41, Leg. Decr. 81/2015
Q10. Which is the type of qualification obtained through the apprenticeship scheme?
Formal VET qualification (which does not indicate the pathway)
Formal VET qualification (which indicates the pathway)
Formal apprenticeship qualification (journeyman, etc.)
Type 3 apprenticeship applies to all sectors of activity and programmes are offered in two subtypes, namely apprenticeship for higher education and apprenticeship for research. The former leads to various qualifications at post-secondary (upper technical specialisation certificates) and tertiary levels, such as bachelor, master or doctoral degrees. The other subtype leads to the occupational qualification of ‘researcher’ or equivalent, which is not to be confused with any academic title and which has no official status in the public education system but can be ecognized in relevant collective agreements. It is also possible to use this type of apprenticeship to access regulated professions, with rules being defined by the relevant bodies and professional orders (e.g. lawyers, notaries etc.).
Q12. What is the typical duration of the apprenticeship programme?
In the case of apprenticeship for Research activities and apprenticeship for regulated professions, duration is set within the Individual Training Plan and it is not necessarily linked to the duration of the learning pathway, as the object of the contract might be the possibility to carry out a research activity and not necessarily the earning of a specific qualification.