Understanding of apprenticeships in the national context

    Q1. Is there an official definition of 'apprenticeships' in your country?

    ‘Apprenticeships are full-time paid jobs which incorporate on and off the job training. A successful apprentice will receive a nationally recognised qualification on completion of their contract.’ House of Commons Library.

    Recognised apprenticeships are required to meet the devolved Government’s minimum standards. In England this includes a minimum duration of 12 months, employed 30 hours, an English and maths requirement and include off the job training. Apprentices have the same rights as other employees and are entitled to be paid at least the apprentice rate of the national minimum wage. (More detail of the differences in minimum standards between nations below)

    Q2. Which apprenticeship schemes exist in your country?
    At upper secondary level: Y
    At post-secondary / higher level: Y
    At sectoral level: N

    Apprenticeships- this applies in England, Wales and Northern Ireland and is generally level 2 or 3 qualifications. This is generally upper secondary level.

    Higher Apprenticeships- this applies in England, Wales and Northern Ireland and is generally level 4 to 8 qualifications. This is post-secondary level.

    Modern Apprenticeships- this applies in Scotland and includes levels both upper and post-secondary level qualifications.

    Q5. How well-established are apprenticeships in your country?
    A long history
    A recent history (in 2000s)
    No history yet, they are still to be established as a pathway

    The history of apprenticeships in the UK goes back to the Middle Ages. However the level of state intervention in this country has varied over recent decades, from levy-funded programmes via the industrial training boards in the 1960s and 1970s, to no support or intervention at all in the early 1990s. [1] Recently apprenticeships have moved up the agenda with substantial government backing.

    Q6. Additional information to understand the specificity of apprenticeships in the country

    The devolved nature of the UK means that although all apprenticeships are funded by the government that are differences in the components and structure of apprenticeships in England, Wales, NI and Scotland.