Q5. Relevant information that is essential to understanding the specificity of apprenticeships in the country and which does not fit under the scheme specific sections below.
Vocational education and training (VET) is mainly under the responsibility of education and employment authorities. The national system for qualifications and vocational training is the umbrella for VET programmes, leading to formal qualifications awarded by either the education or employment authorities.
a) Education authority VET offers upper secondary (basic and intermediate) and higher VET qualifications. All programmes last two years (2 000 hours) and include work-based learning in a company and at a VET school:
- basic VET programmes (ISCED 353) are available in the last year of compulsory education, to learners aged 15 or 16
- intermediate VET programmes can begin at age 16, after the end of compulsory education. These lead to technician qualifications at ISCED 354.
- at tertiary level, higher VET programmes (ISCED 554) lead to an advanced technician qualification.
b) Employment authority VET offers programmes to obtain a professional certificate corresponding to an occupational profile. These programmes may include an “apprenticeship” contract. No formal access requirements apply for entering level 1 professional certificate programmes (ISCED 254) and learners can move on to the next level in the same field. Level 2 (ISCED 351) and level 3 (ISCED 453) programmes are also accessible to those having completed, respectively, compulsory and upper secondary, or equivalent, level studies to learners older than 16 years the possibility to obtain a professional certificate corresponding to an occupational profile.
It is possible to acquire any VET or educational qualification through dual VET (apprenticeship contracts or cooperation agreement)
Source:Cedefop- ReferNet, VOCATIONAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING IN EUROPE SPAIN, VET IN EUROPE REPORTS, 2016