There is a separate legal basis for each of the two apprenticeship schemes existing in Romania:
1) The scheme “Apprenticeship at the workplace” in continuing VET is regulated by the Law 279/2005, which was subsequently amended in 2011, in 2012, in 2013 (Law 179 / 2013), in 2017, in 2018 and in 2019 and by the Labour Code. The main aspects regulated are: granting subsidies to employers who employ apprentices from the unemployment insurance budget and from European structural and investment funds, apprenticeship contracts, quality assurance of the training offer -authorization of training providers, providing the apprenticeship program, duration etc.
 Law No 279 / 2005 on apprenticeship at the workplace: http://www.mmuncii.ro/j33/images/Documente/MMJS/Legislatie/Munca/2018/2…
2) In initial VET, it is available the dual form of ‘professional’ VET (dual VET scheme), regulated by Government Emergency Ordinance no. 81/2016, endorsed by Law no. 82/2018, regarding the modification and completion of the National Education Law no. 1/2011. According to these official documents, in dual VET, it is regulated a partnership contract between school, employer and municipality (local authority). Companies are also obliged to pay dual VET learners a monthly allowance that is not less than the one provided by the government. In the dual VET is also regulated by OMEN 4798/2017, the individual contract of practical training of the student.
It is signed each school year between the student, on the one hand, and the economic operator and the educational unit, on the other, and establishes the rights and obligations of the parties regarding the practical training organized at the economic partner, the practical partner, as part of the vocational training program through dual education.
The individual contract of practical training can also be concluded for the entire duration of preparation in dual VET, within a maximum of two weeks from the beginning of the courses of the first school year, provided the update according to any changes.