High youth unemployment rates, skilled labour shortage, skills mismatches, and difficulties in the transition from education to the labour market have all raised interest in dual VET programmes (), both at European and Member State levels.
() Dual training is characterised by alternating school-based and company-based training stages.
Action plan for education to prioritise growth areas of the economy.
The Austrian master craftsperson qualification is an important higher VET qualification, with objectives of specialist competence, company management and apprenticeship training. A survey of graduates shows that these objectives are indeed achieved in business.
Apprenticeships are becoming a real option for school leavers, offering a much wider variety of roles and higher qualification levels than was traditionally the case.
Support for young people to gain advanced qualifications (beyond compulsory schooling) has been a key objective of the Austrian youth-related policy agenda since end of the 1990s, starting with the introduction of supra-company apprenticeship training. In mid-2016 the Training up to the age of 18 schemes was adopted, marking a major development.
Key data on education statistics and indicators – 2014/15 has been published; with a new look for the 2016 edition.
Wallonia has just approved an occupational integration measure for newly-arrived refugees, with the potential to recognise their skills. In Brussels, an ‘occupational situation’ tool could help them get a ‘ticket to employment’.
From the school year 2015/16, all colleges of higher vocational education (BHS, five-year vocational pathway at the upper secondary level) in Austria have been using a new form of the matriculation and diploma exam (Reife- und Diplomprüfung) (). This new form has its legal basis in the 2010 amendment to the School Education Act and in the 2015 amendment to the examination regulation.
() Double qualification for senior positions in business and general access to higher education at the same time.
Employers value VET in Finland, although many of them feel that it is generally undervalued, says a study by the Ministry of Education and Culture.
Challenges and opportunities of working together were debated at the 14th annual plenary meeting of ReferNet, Cedefop’s network of institutions providing information on national vocational education and training (VET) in the EU Member States, Iceland and Norway.