Assessment and recognition of competences acquired through formal, non-formal and informal learning is a significant factor helping people enter the labour market. In Lithuania, competence assessment is a distinct process separated from vocational education and training (VET) provision and performed by accredited competence assessment institutions. Currently 31 assessment centres are in place.
Reforming initial vocational education and training (VET) started in May 2018. The changes will affect one-third of upper-secondary students (665 000) currently enrolled in the vocational stream to prepare a vocational baccalaureate (Bac-pro) or a vocational aptitude certificate (CAP).
Vocational education and training (VET) in Spain, although small in terms of volume of students and graduates, has examples of excellence as in the case of the Basque Country. Transforming vocational training to respond to changes arising from the so-called fourth industrial revolution was discussed at the international congress Anticipating the future that gathered some 1 100 specialists from 47 countries in San Sebastian in May 2018. Jorge Arévalo, regional Deputy Minister for vocational training, highlighted in his speech When the improbable happens, the features that make the Basque Country VET system unique, supporting high student employability in programmes related to industrial branches.
Half of adult non-native speakers do not possess active language skills in Estonian. Mastering the language has a significant impact on employability, according to PIAAC data, on wages. A recent study on the quality, impact and organisation of language training showed a high demand for Estonian language training for non-native speaker adults, indicating a need to reconsider the provision of efficient and accessible training.
Initial results of the 2018 satisfaction with education survey show that nearly 70% of vocational education and training (VET) learners enjoy their studies.
On 12 December 2017 the Hungarian Parliament passed the amended Act on Vocational and Adult Training, opening the way for establishing sectoral skills councils (SSCs).
Italy’s national qualifications framework (NQF) was adopted in January 2018. The Italian NQF has eight levels and its level descriptors are knowledge, skills, autonomy and responsibility. The development of the NQF responds, among others, to a need for integrating the different qualifications systems; improving the legibility, transparency and comparability of qualifications of different systems, nationally and regionally; and aiding geographic and professional mobility at national and European levels.
Demands in technical equipment for inter-company vocational training centres (ÜBS) have been increasing due to rapidly increasing requirements in digitisation and the technical changes in work processes of training occupations. The 2015 Directive promoting digitisation in ÜBS and competence centres was amended in April 2018: its validity was extended to 31 December 2021 and the list of equipment revised and complemented.
Introduced in 2007, the Slovene Europass certificate supplement (ECS) includes general information, common to all education programmes, in addition to personal information. ECS contains a detailed description of competences and achievements, distinguishing the Slovene ECS from supplements in other EU countries.