Croatia has a lot of experience of the impact of immigration. Two decades ago the country experienced a huge inflow of the immigrants from neighbouring countries (over a half of a million) affected by the war. Now, immigrant numbers are much lower and these are mostly refugees from non-EU countries.
A new version of the national standard of financial literacy has come into force in the 2017/18 school year.
The Swedish Government has recently published a memorandum proposing that courses providing basic eligibility for higher education should be included in all national programmes in upper secondary school.
In mid-2017, a new law was adopted foreseeing that each secondary school would develop its own guidance approach. Although national targets will be defined, secondary schools can now choose autonomously the best guidance practices, taking into account their learner populations and allowing students to make informed decisions with a view to their choice of training.
Knowledge centres are being appointed to help educate students in vocational education and training (VET) to handle technological development and match the competences that companies demand in a digital labour market. The centres will also support other VET schools in their work on the digitalisation of education, resulting from new technologies, and in developing and testing new teaching and training methods that all VET schools can use in their work with talents and educational development.
The second national student proficiency measurement in VET shows that students continue to thrive. Students in practical training in companies thrive more those in school practice. The same applies to students with an immigrant background compared to students with Danish descent and descendants.
In December 2017, the Czech national digital skills and jobs coalition (DIGI coalition) celebrated its first year in operation.
Research finds that periods of work experience have a positive impact on young people’s soft employability skills and confidence.
Low literacy rates are increasing in the Netherlands, despite policies by the Dutch Government to tackle the problem. Around two and a half million Dutch people currently have literacy and numeracy difficulties, according to the Court of Audit’s 2016 report Aanpak van laaggeletterdheid (Approach to illiteracy).