A new funding system for vocational education and training (VET) at secondary level was included in a 2018 reform; it will be fully in force in 2022, after gradual implementation. Funding is divided into several core parts: performance-based and effectiveness-based, as well as strategic.
Brussels’ first counselling and guidance centre Cité des métiers was opened on 23 April 2018, in the presence of the European Employment Commissioner, Marianne Thyssen, and several ministers from the Brussels Region. Based on a multi-partner and bilingual initiative, this one-stop shop for life-long guidance and counselling is designed to improve access to all types of life-long learning, including vocational education and training (VET).
In 2018, the National Centre for Technical and Vocational Education and Training Development ran a campaign to enrol more learners in initial vocational education and training (VET) from 2018/19. It comprised local, regional and national actions targeting potential students, parents and the community as a whole.
SOLAS recently published Supporting working lives and enterprise growth in Ireland. This is a new policy framework for employee development opportunities, with the specific aims of supporting working lives and enterprise growth.
In a move to strengthen the relationship between schools and the labour market, Dutch senior secondary VET schools can apply to join the Making room for the region initiative, which aims to develop qualifications in cooperation with region-based enterprises. Although qualifications are created at national level, this initiative allows VET schools to define learning outcomes in cooperation with regional partners, and to design education programmes responsive to regional developments. The proposal, from the Ministry of Education, Science and Culture initiative, was agreed in the Cabinet meeting on 9 May 2018.
In 2018, the Erasmus+ Fit2Com Skills Alliance project created, piloted and certified a new ’expert in comfort & healthy footwear manufacturing’ EQF level 5 qualification and corresponding training. It aims to address the demand for comfortable, healthy and fashionable footwear in the project partner countries of Germany, Spain, Portugal and Romania.
Assessment and recognition of competences acquired through formal, non-formal and informal learning is a significant factor helping people enter the labour market. In Lithuania, competence assessment is a distinct process separated from vocational education and training (VET) provision and performed by accredited competence assessment institutions. Currently 31 assessment centres are in place.
Reforming initial vocational education and training (VET) started in May 2018. The changes will affect one-third of upper-secondary students (665 000) currently enrolled in the vocational stream to prepare a vocational baccalaureate (Bac-pro) or a vocational aptitude certificate (CAP).
Vocational education and training (VET) in Spain, although small in terms of volume of students and graduates, has examples of excellence as in the case of the Basque Country. Transforming vocational training to respond to changes arising from the so-called fourth industrial revolution was discussed at the international congress Anticipating the future that gathered some 1 100 specialists from 47 countries in San Sebastian in May 2018. Jorge Arévalo, regional Deputy Minister for vocational training, highlighted in his speech When the improbable happens, the features that make the Basque Country VET system unique, supporting high student employability in programmes related to industrial branches.