Use the table and the filters below to gain an overview of NQF developments in Europe. It is possible to compare countries based on reporting year, stage of development and whether the NQF has been linked to EQF.

Country Reporting year Scope of the framework Number of levels Level descriptors Legal basis/stage of development NQF linked to EQF NQF/EQF website Qualifications register/database
Austria 2020

Designed as a comprehensive NQF; currently includes qualifications awarded in formal education and training (higher education and VET qualifications); qualifications under the responsibility of other ministries such as defence and health. First non-formal/non-regulated qualifications included.

Eight

knowledge, skills, competence

2012

Website Qualifications register
Belgium-FL 2020

Comprehensive NQF including all levels and types of qualification from formal education and training (educational qualifications) and from the professional qualifications system.

Eight

knowledge / skills, context / autonomy, responsibility

2011,
2014 update

Website Qualifications database
Czechia 2020 National framework for vocational qualifications in VNFIL (the national register of qualifications, NSK) and the higher education qualifications framework. Eight in NSK National framework for vocational qualifications in VNFIL: competences (including knowledge and skills) 2011 Website National register of qualifications - NSK ((VNFIL system)
Denmark 2020 Comprehensive NQF including all levels and types of qualification from formal education and training. Open to those awarded outside formal education and training. No qualification linked to EQF level 1. Eight knowledge, skills, competence 2011 Website Register of qualifications and programmes in the NQF
Estonia 2020

Comprehensive NQF including all levels and types of qualification from formal education and training and from the system of occupational qualifications.

Eight

knowledge, skills, scope of responsibility and autonomy

2011, 2016 update

Website 1Website 2 RegisterEstonian register of occupational qualifications (professions register)
Finland 2020 Comprehensive framework including all State-recognised qualifications. No qualification linked to EQF level 1. Eight integrated level descriptors include knowledge, skills and key competences 2017 Website Database of study programmes from VET, general and higher education
France 2020 NQF covers all levels and types of vocationally and professionally oriented qualifications and the national baccalaureate (general, technological and vocational). Open to qualifications awarded outside the formal education system. Eight complexity of knowledge, level of skills and know-how, degree of responsibility and autonomy 2010 Website National register of vocational and professional qualifications (RNCP)
Germany 2020 Comprehensive NQF for lifelong learning; includes qualifications from general education, VET (initial VET and regulated further training), and from higher education. Eight professional competence (knowledge and skills), personal competence (social competence and autonomy) 2012 Website DQR qualifications database
Ireland 2020 Comprehensive NFQ including all types and levels of qualification from formal education and training. 10, with five classes of award type: major, minor, special-purpose, professional and supplemental knowledge, skills, competence 2009 2020 update Website The NFQ register of qualifications
Latvia 2020 Comprehensive NQF including all levels and types of qualification from formal education and training. Eight knowledge, skills, competences 2011 Website Latvian qualifications database
Lithuania 2020 Designed as a comprehensive NQF for lifelong learning; currently includes qualifications from VET and higher education; revision and inclusion of general education qualifications at levels 1-4 is in progress. Eight characteristics of activities (complexity, autonomy, variability), types of competences (functional, cognitive and general), 2011 Website Qualifications database
Malta 2020 Comprehensive NQF including all levels and types of qualification from formal education and training. Eight knowledge, skills, competences 2009, 2010, 2012 and 2016 update Website Register of accredited further and higher education institutions and programmes
Montenegro 2020 Comprehensive NQF including all levels and types of qualification from formal education and training and from the system of national vocational qualifications (NVQs). Eight, with sublevels at levels 1, 4 and 7 knowledge, skills, competence 2014 Website National register of qualifications
Netherlands 2020 Comprehensive NQF including all levels and types of qualification from formal education and training (except primary education). Open to qualifications offered outside the formal education system. Qualifications bellow EQF level 1 included at entry level. Eight, including a sublevel at level 4 (4+), and an entry level context, knowledge, skills, responsibility and independence 2011, 2019 update Website NLQF database
Norway 2020 Comprehensive NQF including all levels and types of qualification from formal education and training. No descriptor or qualification linked to EQF level 1. Seven, with sublevels at levels 5 and 6 knowledge, skills, general competence 2014 Website Databases of qualificationsDatabase of study programmes
Poland 2020 Comprehensive NQF including all levels and types of qualification from formal education and training. Open to regulated and non-statutory qualifications awarded outside formal education and training. Eight knowledge, skills, social competence 2013 Website Integrated qualifications register
Portugal 2020

Comprehensive NQF including all levels and types of qualification from formal education and training and from the national system for the recognition, validation and certification of competences.

Eight

knowledge, skills, attitudes

2011

Website National qualifications catalogueDatabase of higher education courses and institutions
Romania 2020 Comprehensive NQF including all levels and types of qualification from formal education and training. Open to qualifications obtained through validation of non-formal and informal learning. Eight knowledge, skills, responsibility and autonomy 2018 Website National register of professional qualificationsNational register of qualifications for higher education
Slovenia 2020 Comprehensive NQF including all levels and types of qualification from formal education and training, from the system of national vocational qualifications and non-regulated supplementary qualifications. 10 knowledge, skills, competences 2013 Website SQF qualifications register
Switzerland 2020 NQF for vocational and professional qualifications (NQF-VPQ) and NQF for higher education (nqf.ch-HS). Eight Level descriptors of the NQF-VPQ:, knowledge, skills, competences (professional and personal) 2015 Website The List of assigned vocational and professional qualifications (July 2020)A database of all state-recognised occupations and professions