Content updates and contributors
Version 2023 - Drafted by Kurt Schmid, Senior researcher at ibw Austria
Q5. Relevant information that is essential to understanding the specificity of apprenticeships in the country.
In an international perspective, Austria has one of the highest shares of IVET-students at upper secondary level in Europe: about 80% of all students are in IVET, half of them in full-time VET schools and colleges – the second half in apprenticeship training.
Apart from the Dual apprenticeship scheme that is detailed in the relevant fiche, there are two additional schemes that are linked to the apprenticeship scheme:
1) supra-company apprenticeships (ÜBA Überbetriebliche Ausbildung):
If students cannot find a company where to spend their in-company apprenticeship training, work-based learning takes place at a training provider. Apprentices have the option to switch to a “regular” apprenticeship if they can find a training company or finish full training at their provider. Apprentices get an allowance (which is lower than the apprenticeship remuneration in “regular” apprenticeships), finance by PES.
Forerunners of ÜBA have been introduced in 1998 (JASG Jugendausbildungsgesetz). Currently, supra-company apprenticeships are an option to fulfil the Austrian Training Obligation (Ausbildungspflichtgesetz, version of 28.01.2019) which was established in 2016 (and started with school year 2017/18).
End of 2021 8,375 apprentices were enrolled in the supra-company apprenticeships that act as a safety net for those apprentices that cannot find a company (Chamber of Commerce: Lehrlinge nach Sparten: 202-2021 https://wko.at/statistik/jahrbuch/2022_k16.pdf?_ga=2.178794662.32387495… [accessed 16.02.2023])
2) Dual studies (higher level):
Dual study programmes at higher education are still in development; comparable to German dual studies, which however are not considered "apprenticeship" in Germany; at universities of applied science and private universities.
 Vocational Training Act (Berufsausbildungsgesetz, BAG): § 30 and esp. § 30b.