Title Type of instrument Type of entry Level of operation Relevance Year of implementation
Calls for economic support to the development of strategic training actions (Basque Foundation for Continuing Vocational Training)

Companies in the Basque Country receive public contributions to their training costs. Only learning and training of professional relevance for the applying entities is eligible for funding. The co-funding share is 50% of eligible costs as a general rule (60% in medium enterprises, 70% in small enterprises, +10% in case of disadvantaged workers; the total grant cannot exceed 70% of eligible costs).

Grant for companies Single instrument Regional Key scheme 2011
Construction Labour Foundation - Training

According to a binding collective agreement, companies in the construction sector contribute a fixed share of their yearly contribution to social security to the training fund (in 2015, 0.35%). The fund co-finances companies┬┤ training in the fields of health and security management. The Construction Labour Foundation uses the funds to provide training in its own training centres or in companies.

Training fund Single instrument Sectoral 1993
Individual training leave

Employees can participate in vocational education and training while receiving their wages. This short term leave allows an employee to carry out an officially-recognised training activity during working time, with no direct cost for the company. Employers can deduct the costs related to employees' training leave from their contributions to social security system.

Training leave Single instrument National Key scheme 1993
Leave for vocational education and training for employment

Employees who have been employed in a company for at least one year are entitled to a 20-hour paid leave per year to undertake vocational education and training related to the activity of the company. Collective agreements may further specify criteria of the leave. The leave is agreed on by employee and employer. Generally, the employees receive their wages during the leave. The employers providing training are eventually compensated for training costs.

Training leave Single instrument National Key scheme 1995
Permanence pact

Employers and employees can agree on a payback clause. In compensation for employer-provided/financed training, employees commit themselves to stay in the company for an agreed period - but no longer than 2 years- or (partially) pay back the costs of training.

Payback clause Single instrument National Marginal scheme 1980
Programme of loans for university students

Adults can use this loan scheme which was introduced to support students in initial education to cover tuition fees in full-time higher education and living costs. The loans are provided by private retail banks based on funds from the private capital market. The State provides loan guarantee. There are two types of loans with the maximum amounts: EUR 7 000 (loan to fund fees for university studies) and EUR 30 000 (loan for post-graduate studies, which compensates also living costs). Repayment rates are fixed (monthly rates). The interest rate is regulated by the State. The repayment can last for a maximum of 10 years.

Loan Single instrument Regional Marginal scheme 2006
Training fund of the Tripartite Foundation for Training for Employment - training delivered by companies.

Companies and employees pay a fixed share of their payroll into a tripartite training fund (0.6% and 0.1% respectively). EU funds support the training fund. Companies as well as employees can receive funding for their training costs either directly or by applying for reduced contribution payments to the funds.

Training fund Single instrument National 1993