More and more companies recognise benefits of an international workforce and provide training for young apprentices from southern Europe. In this way, businesses offer young people from countries with high youth unemployment sustainable employment opportunities.
In former years, most of the working population was trained within the dual vocational education and training (VET) system. Now, half of all school-leavers pursue academic education focusing on theory. Industry in the federal state of Hesse therefore demands adaptation of the education system to current requirements since it has remained the same for decades.
The professional and vocational qualifications assessment law (BQFG) permits informally or non-formally acquired competences to be taken into account when checking equivalence of foreign and German qualifications. As long as the prerequisites for a vocational qualification obtained abroad are met, assessment of equivalence is based on documentary examination regardless of the route via which competences were gained. Under certain conditions, vocational competences may be assessed on an individual basis.
European social partners discussed with the European Union (EU) institutions concrete ways to strengthen the social dialogue in line with the renewed EU economic and social priorities at a landmark high-level conference organised by the European Commission in Brussels on 5 March. Cedefop Director James Calleja took part in the conference at which the agency also had an information stand.
Dietary restrictions, flexible training schedules, visible symbols… religious beliefs give rise to demands in the workplace, too. Just like in other big cities across Belgium, cultural and religious diversity is part of daily life in Brussels, but is also a challenge for the future. Brussels boasts a multilingual, multireligious population. Almost 10% of its inhabitants are immigrants who came to Belgium less than three years ago. Belgium is therefore a land of self-conscious minorities where each federated entity is a minority that sees itself as being dominated by others. Over the past few years, more and more employers have been faced with workers demanding that their religious beliefs be taken into account.
The scholarship programme Stiftung für Begabtenförderung (foundation supporting the gifted and talented) for young vocational graduates was established over 20 years ago. Since then, around 96 000 young professionals in Germany have profited from support towards their professional qualifications.
In 2013, France received a country-specific recommendation on the need to conduct a broad set of reforms to improve functioning of its labour market and to develop lifelong learning further. France has made some progress in addressing this recommendation and adopted in March 2014 a law on vocational education and lifelong learning.
Apprenticeship training has been praised recently for its effectiveness in easing school-to-work transition of non-college-bound students. In most countries with low youth unemployment there is some type of effective apprenticeship scheme in place. However, measuring effects of apprenticeship training relative to school-based VET on labour market outcomes has been a challenge.
A Cedefop delegation headed by Director James Calleja took part in a knowledge-sharing seminar with the European Training Foundation (ETF), Cedefop's sister agency, in Turin on 13 February. Apprenticeships, validation and the next stage for European tools were on the agenda.
European Union Member States and social partners have benefited from Cedefop’s work throughout its 40-year history, Director James Calleja told guests at an event (at Cedefop premises on 10 February) marking 40 years from the Founding Regulation which established the agency.
Be a part of Cedefop’s 40th anniversary! Have you been in vocational education and training in Europe? Has it helped you find a job? Share your story for a chance to be invited to Cedefop’s anniversary conference in June in Thessaloniki (flights and accommodation paid by Cedefop) and to feature on our website and magazine Skillset and match.
Vocational education and training (VET) reform is opening up new routes for people into employment and for enterprises to develop the skills of their workforce to compete. However, reform still has some way to go for VET to meet 21st century expectations. But progress is being made, argues Cedefop Director James Calleja on the occasion of the European agency’s 40th anniversary.
The Croatian academic and research network (CARNet) will lead implementation of a national project e-schools in from 2016 to 2023 to raise and improve levels of digitalisation of schools in Croatia.
The National Institute of Adult Continuing Education (NIACE) has assembled a toolkit aimed at helping employers take on apprentices with disabilities.
In June 2014, the county authority of Østfold, with support from the Norwegian Directorate for Education and Training, organised Østfold’s largest job interview. The event gathered 200 vocational education and training (VET) students and 100 representatives from enterprises in the county. In two days about 570 job interviews were conducted between students and enterprises.
A research study, conducted by the Slovenian Institute of Vocational Education and Training (CPI) monitors where young people six years after enrolling in vocational and technical upper secondary programmes are and which factors triggered their paths.
In response to adverse effects of the economic crisis on the labour market, the Human Resource Development Authority (HRDA) of Cyprus set up a special prevention scheme, which includes measures targeted at the unemployed, economically inactive and employed.
Vocational education and training (VET) in Sweden may be organised as school-based learning or apprenticeship. The Swedish government has recently launched measures to ensure quality in apprenticeship education. Now numbers of apprentices in Swedish upper secondary schools are slowly rising.
Reform of the Danish vocational education and training (VET) system establishes VET teachers’ minimum qualification requirements and VET students’ minimum entrance requirements, thus increasing quality in VET.
Higher vocational education (HVE) is post-secondary education that combines theoretical and practical studies in cooperation with employers and industry. Programmes are offered in specific fields where there is explicit demand for competence. Every year the Swedish National Agency for HVE publishes statistics on their programmes, students and students’ work situations one year after graduation. Following are the figures for 2013.
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