The labour force represents people in the population 15 + who are economically active, i.e. the labour force includes employed and disposable unemployed persons (actively seeking for jobs). People from the population 15+ who are not considered as labour force are those voluntary unemployed (not seeking for job and even if offered they are likely to refuse it), disabled, retired or on parental leave etc. The calculations are based on the demographic forecasts and assumptions on the future development participation (activity) rates by different age groups, genders and countries. From the labour market point of view labour force represents labour/skill supply.
Employment refers to the number of people in work (headcount) or the number of occupied jobs in the economy. As employed is considered the one who worked at least one hour in reference period for financial or nonfinancial reward. Employment trends present the development of the employed persons in different sector, occupations and qualification.
Job opportunities represent the sum of net employment change and replacement demand. The concept of replacement demand is based on the fact that some jobs become available due to people leaving work places for different reasons (retirement, migration etc.) These vacant positions need to be filled. In practice the replacement needs are much higher than the net change of employment (expansion demand). As the distribution of those leaving the labour forces is difficult to estimate on the yearly basis, the replacement needs for the period 2013 – 2025 are provided.