Apprenticeship is legitimised as a form of VET by the Lithuanian Law on VET. In practice, however, this form is not functioning. Apprenticeship is based on on-the-job practical training and, thus, its introduction into a school-based VET system is challenging.
A Leonardo da Vinci project, the development of apprenticeship in Lithuania referring to experiences from Germany, France, the United Kingdom and the Netherlands (DEVAPPRENT, No DE/10/LLP-LdV0TOI0147320), has produced guidelines that could ease introduction and operation of apprenticeship in Lithuania. The project started in 2010 and was finalised in 2012. The project coordinator was Vytautas Magnus University Centre for Vocational Education and Research.
Activities of the project included an analysis of the current situation of apprenticeship in Lithuania and preconditions for its development, an analysis of the practices and experiences of apprenticeship in Germany, France, the UK and the Netherlands, and guidelines and recommendations for developing apprenticeship in Lithuania.
The guidelines consist of the following parts:
- discussion on the comparability of the context and processes of apprenticeship between Lithuania, Germany, France, the Netherlands and the UK and its implications for policy learning;
- recommendations for national policy on apprenticeship development related to the different external (general) processes – stakeholders’ involvement and roles, quality control, funding and legal regulations;
- recommendations for developing different apprenticeship processes in enterprises and training centres – curriculum design, apprenticeship promotion and enrolment of apprentices, organisation of training, and assessment of learning outcomes – as well as proposals on dissemination measures for short-term implementation of recommendations;
- overview of possible long-term scenarios of apprenticeship development in Lithuania.