Most refugees live in developing countries of asylum, struggling to prove themselves in economies which are unable to absorb and make full use of their labour market potential. As a result, their skills often remain unused and become obsolete over time. Key challenges for Europe include sharing the global responsibility for refugees fairly with major countries of asylum and meeting existing and future skill gaps and labour market needs.
In 2017, the global population of forcibly displaced people increased to 68.5 million, compared with 65.6 million in 2016. Among these, 25.4 million were refugees.
Cedefop's concise guide to national qualifications framework developments in 39 European countries (28 EU Member States as well as Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, North Macedonia, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Kosovo, Montenegro, Norway, Serbia, Switzerland and Turkey) in 2019.
This two-volume publication provides an update on the progress made in establishing and implementing national and regional qualifications frameworks around the world since 2017.
Cedefop's programme for 2019 and plans until 2021are included in this publication. At the interface between the world of education and training and the world of work, Cedefop’s activities have always been at the cutting edge of developments.
This publication provides a comparative statistical analysis of skills development through continuing vocational training (CVT) in EU enterprises.
Cedefop research shows that automation and artificial intelligence do not necessarily destroy, but rather transform jobs. People, businesses and labour markets will have to adapt and acquire new skills, enabling them to cooperate with machines.
This publication is the final report of Cedefop’s thematic country review of apprenticeship in Croatia.
Cedefop's European skills index (ESI) is a composite indicator that measures the performance of a country’s skills system.
The May 2019 issue of Skillset and match, Cedefop’s magazine promoting learning for work, is now available to read and download.
Thirty nine European countries are currently developing 43 national qualifications frameworks (NQFs) which have reached different stages of implementation. Some countries have been or are revising their frameworks.
This flyer presents Cedefop's Matching skills online database, which showcases a collection of skills policy instruments recently implemented in European Union Member States.
Preparing for sustainable growth within the context of a circular economy is an accepted policy aim across the globe. The implications for economic sectors, and consequently for occupations, skills and relevant policies, are undeniable.
This booklet outlines the main features of online job vacancies and the key characteristics of Cedefop’s new system to collect and analyse them. It accompanies the first release of results based on the collection and analysis of online job vacancies in seven EU Member States.
This report analyses the drivers influencing the use of online job vacancy portals in recruitment and job search, the structure of the online job markets, the role of public and private players and the factors shaping the format and content of online job vacancies.
Analysing online job vacancies is a promising approach to identify emerging jobs and skill needs, as it offers rich real-time information about the skills employers seek.
This publication is the sixth in a series produced as part of the Cedefop project The changing nature and role of VET (2016-18). Based on analysis of developments from 1995 to 2015, the report provides important insights into developments and change processes related to vocationally oriented education and training at higher levels (levels 5 to 8 of the European qualifications framework).
Concise, clear and concrete pictures of countries’ vocational education and training systems: this is what the Cedefop Spotlight on VET series offers. Building on individual country Spotlights, this publication brings together the main features and data of VET in the EU, Iceland and Norway.
This short description contributes to better understanding of vocational education and training (VET) in Romania by providing an insight into its main features and highlighting system developments and current challenges.
Integrated and well-tailored pathways for people to acquire or upgrade basic skills at different points in life are increasingly used to prevent skill gaps and skill shortages.