Apprenticeship at upper secondary level is offered under the scheme of vocational preparation of juvenile workers (przygotowanie zawodowe młodocianych pracowników )  that can be organized:
- In alternance between schools and employer premises, as a form of upper-secondary level education offered by three-year-long first-level programmes offered by branch (sectoral) schools (szkoła branżowa pierwszego stopnia). This scheme aims at preparing a young person to work as a skilled worker (after assessment and certification of qualifications) or journeyman and includes apprenticeship. The apprentice is directed by the employer to undertake theoretical training at schools. Branch (sectoral) schools (SBI) include the former basic vocational schools (ZSZ) and supplementary technical school at ISCED level 3. They can be public and non-public, the latter established by associations, NGO’s and craft guilds and chambers. 1st grade Branch schools (SBI) offer initial vocational education (IVET), including through apprenticeship programmes at Polish NQF level 3.
- Entirely at the employer premises: It is also possible for the craftsman to provide both practical and theoretical vocational preparation. The apprentice does not attend school but may still obtain qualifications that result in a journeyman certificate. In this case the employer must ensure those delivering the theoretical learning hold a pedagogical qualification, statutorily specified. Nowadays about 2,000 apprentices are trained in this form in the whole country – e.g. 1,684 apprentices in crafts in 2018)
- In alternance with vocational centers: theoretical education of juvenile workers / apprentices might be offered also by the vocational training centers “CKZ” (turnusy dokształcania teoretycznego) on the basis of an executive act from 19.03.2019 on continuous education in non-school forms .
Apprenticeships can be organized by employers who may or may not be members of craft guilds. Craft apprenticeships lead to a journeyman exam, whereas non-craft ones lead to exams in the relevant qualification. Craftsmen offer about 70-80% of all apprenticeships in Poland . Nevertheless, craft apprenticeships suffer from results of many educational reforms (2012, 2017, 2019) and the number of apprentices in crafts has dramatically decreased from 93.000 in 2010 to the level of 67.500 in 2017 (and it’s observed not only in crafts). 
In this scheme, apprentice is a ‘juvenile worker’, employed on the basis of an employment contract signed between him/her and the employer.
Other forms of practical / workplace training at secondary level are not considered as apprenticeships (see also Q2 and Q5). They may include practical activities at various venues , including those at the workplace:
- practical activities (zajęcia praktyczne) other from apprenticeship for which the contract is signed only between the school and the employer ,
- student’s internship (staże uczniowskie) started from 01.09.2019 as a new form of practical activities (zajęcia praktyczne) with certain time at the workplace (during winter or summer vacation) and with student-employer contract but not necessarily with salary .
- short-term traineeships (praktyki zawodowe) in occupations taught in technical secondary and post-secondary schools, usually lasting 4 weeks (max. 160 hours) spent at the employer's premises.
In fact, based on the analysis of framework teaching plans for technical and vocational schools, it can be concluded that technical schools offer practical vocational education in a form of 4- to 12-week long traineeships, and basic vocational schools offer a form of practical activities at the school workshops (without salary paid to the student). None of these offers can be considered as an apprenticeship scheme.
Apprenticeships at post-secondary (non-tertiary) level are organized for unemployed adults based on the Regulation of Minister of Labour and Social Policy of 11 April 2014 regarding vocational preparation of adults (Journal of Laws of 2014, item. 497) called przygotowanie zawodowe dorosłych. It is initiated, organized and financed by the district labour offices and financed by the Labour Fund. It can take two forms:
1) Practical vocational education for adults (from 6 to 12 months) enabling the undertaking of the qualification examination in the profession or journeyman's exam; The duration of learning process depends on the experiences of a learner and profession chosen to be taught (usually it is closer to 12 months);
2) Practical job training for adults (przyuczenie do pracy dorosłych) (3 to 6 months) aiming to gain some qualifications or skills required to perform specific professional tasks. [11a]
 The scheme is also translated as ‘Juvenile employment for the purpose of vocational training’ in other Cedefop publications, e.g. the ReferNet series.
 Article 16 (5a)(6b) of the Act on the education system and articles 190-205 of the Labour Code.
 Apprenticeship and Traineeship Schemes in EU27: Key Success Factors.
 Stępnikowski A. W. (2020), "Master in craftwork apprenticeship. Social and pedagogical competencies", Scientific Publishing of Łukasiewicz - Institute for Sustainable Technologies, p. 54.
 VET is seen mainly as part of upper secondary education and hence vocational education (though not ‘higher’) is defined only in the school system and in the craft sector. The responsibility for all education activities at the highest levels of education falls under the Ministry of Science and Higher Education and there is no specific distinction of VET at these levels.
 The Act of 11 July 2014 amending the Act - Law on Higher Education and other laws.
 Ministry of Education, 6 August 2015, https://men.gov.pl/wp-content/uploads/2015/08/uzasadnienie_pnz_06.08.15....
 The Act of 20 April 2004 on employment promotion and labour market institutions (Journal of Laws of 2019, item. 1482),
[11a] Rozporządzenie Ministra Pracy i Polityki Społecznej z dnia 11 kwietnia 2014 r. w sprawie przygotowania zawodowego dorosłych, Dz. U. 2014, poz. 497