November 2017 marks the fifth anniversary since dual VET was first introduced in Spain and developed through ‘training and apprenticeship contracts’ established by law (Royal Decree 1529/2012).
Around 77.3% of the country’s companies offered some kind of training activity to their workers in 2015, an increase from 65% in 2010. The share of workers who attended a training course also rose from 45.4% in 2010 to 52.2% in 2015. These are the results of the continuing vocational training survey carried out every five years by the Ministry of Employment and Social Security among enterprises with five or more employees.
Red.es has launched a call for proposals to develop training programmes oriented to the digital industry and aimed at young people enrolled in the National youth guarantee system. The aim of the call is to develop high level digital skills for ICT professionals in all industry sectors, supporting access into jobs that boost the digital transformation of companies.
A common framework of digital competence for teachers has been published by the Ministry of Education, available from January 2017. Developing digital competence in education requires integration of ICT in the classroom and teachers properly skilled in that competence.
The Youth guarantee initiative aims to support youth employment, ensuring that young people receive an offer of employment, education or training after they finish their studies or become unemployed. One of the first priorities of the new government in Spain on taking office in 2016 was to promote access to, and raise participation in, the national scheme.
Globalisation and technological changes are bringing about new trends in the labour market and challenges for policy-makers, businesses and workers. Anticipating skill needs and being prepared to meet them effectively is one of the leitmotifs of the political agenda.
The Activation programme for employment (Programa de Activación para el Empleo - PAE), agreed between the government and the social partners in December 2014, aims to improve employability of the long-term unemployed in a situation of special need.
The percentage of young Spaniards between 15 and 29 not in education, employment, or training (NEETs) has decreased. According to OECD’s Education at a glance 2016, there has been a reduction from the peak 25.7%, reached in 2012, to 19.4% in 2015. Although figures indicate a clear improvement, the number of NEETs in Spain is the fourth highest among OECD countries and well above the average rate of 14.5%. This shows that there is still much work to do to increase the number of young people entering the labour market or taking up training.
The Comprehensive qualification and employment programme (Programa Integral de Cualificación y Empleo – PICE) is led by the Chamber of Commerce of Spain. It aims to reach a total of 16 600 contracts and 1 228 new companies for young people as well as 3 000 youth on mobility during 2016-18.