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Skills forecasts country reports

The skill forecast country reports summarise key future trends in jobs and skills for individual EU Member States up to 2030. They offer a concise outlook on national employment trends by sector, occupational group and education level, as well as developments in the working age population by age and gender. Implications for future labour market imbalances can be identified when demand and supply are looked at together. A common methodology and harmonised data ensure comparability of results across Member States. The estimations are consistent with official EU economic forecasts and population projections.

The 2020 Cedefop skills forecast was developed before the onset of the global Covid-19 pandemic. As the short-term economic impact of the pandemic and the resulting lockdown in many countries are still unknown, the current short-term forecast is likely to be over-optimistic. However, key long-term factors (such as the ageing population, increasing use of automation/artificial intelligence, globalisation, resource scarcity and move towards a carbon-neutral economy) will still apply as EU Member States implement plans to deal with the pandemic and as their economies move forward. The longer-term forecast trends are therefore still likely to hold.

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2020
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AustriaAustria
2020
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BelgiumBelgium
2020
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BulgariaBulgaria
2020
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CroatiaCroatia
2020
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CyprusCyprus
2020
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CzechiaCzechia
2020
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DenmarkDenmark
2020
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EstoniaEstonia
2020
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FinlandFinland
2020
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FranceFrance
2020
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GermanyGermany
2020
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GreeceGreece
2020
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HungaryHungary
2020
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IrelandIreland
2020
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ItalyItaly
2020
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LatviaLatvia
2020
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LithuaniaLithuania
2020
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LuxembourgLuxembourg
2020
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MaltaMalta
2020
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NetherlandsNetherlands
2020
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PolandPoland
2020
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PortugalPortugal
2020
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RomaniaRomania
2020
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SlovakiaSlovakia
2020
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SloveniaSlovenia
2020
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SpainSpain
2020
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SwedenSweden
2019
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AustriaAustria
2019
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BelgiumBelgium
2019
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BulgariaBulgaria
2019
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CroatiaCroatia
2019
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CyprusCyprus
2019
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DenmarkDenmark
2019
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EstoniaEstonia
2019
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FinlandFinland
2019
Countries:
FranceFrance
2019
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GermanyGermany
2019
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GreeceGreece
2019
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HungaryHungary
2019
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IrelandIreland
2019
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ItalyItaly
2019
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LatviaLatvia
2019
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LithuaniaLithuania
2019
Countries:
LuxembourgLuxembourg
2019
Countries:
MaltaMalta
2019
Countries:
NetherlandsNetherlands
2019
Countries:
PolandPoland
2019
Countries:
PortugalPortugal
2019
Countries:
RomaniaRomania

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