This recommendation establishes a European quality assurance reference framework which comprises a quality assurance and improvement cycle (planning, implementation, evaluation/ assessment and review/revision) based on a selection of quality criteria, descriptors and indicators applicable to quality management at both VET-system and VET-provider levels.
The aim is not to introduce new standards, but to support Member States efforts, whilst preserving the diversity of their approaches. The Framework should be regarded rather as a toolbox, from which the various users may choose those descriptors and indicators that they consider most relevant to the requirements of their particular quality assurance system.
The proposed descriptors and indicators are provided as guidance only and may be selected and applied by users of the Framework in accordance with all or part of their requirements and existing settings. They may be applied to initial vocational training (IVT) and/or continuous vocational training (CVT), depending on the relevant individual characteristics of each Member State's VET system and the type of VET providers.
They are to be used on a purely voluntary basis, taking account of their potential added value and in accordance with national legislation and practice. They should be considered neither as benchmarks, nor as a means of reporting on, or drawing comparisons between, the quality and efficiency of different national systems. The responsibility for monitoring the quality of these systems remains entirely with the Member States.
Reference: Recommendation of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 June 2009 on the establishment of a European Quality Assurance Reference Framework for Vocational Education and Training.
Official Journal of the European Union, C155, 8.7.2209, p. 1-10