The EU Member States take a variety of approaches to continuing vocational training (CVT), and the social partners are involved in CVT governance and implementation to varying degrees.
The European Copenhagen Process aims to increase participation in adult education by enhancing cooperation in vocational education and training. National-level social dialogue has played a prominent role in most countries, by setting the policy agenda.
Sectoral and company-level bargaining on CVT are also important, with the scope and extent depending on the national context.
This report has been developed jointly by Eurofound and Cedefop.