Vocational guidance in schools does not have a rich tradition in Poland. According to a recently amended regulation of the Ministry of National Education on the principles for providing and organising psychological and pedagogical assistance in public kindergartens, schools and other educational institutions, each school from lower secondary school level, including vocational schools, is obliged to provide vocational guidance for its students.
The festival of occupations is an example of good practice in vocational guidance. With this innovative event the regional government of the Malopolska region supports students in their education and career choices and enriches their knowledge about occupations. The event is organised by the regional department of education and lifelong learning. Activities are divided into two stages, first, preparing students to participate in the festival and second, organising the festival itself.
Vocational qualification courses (VQC) are a new form of continuing vocational education and training (CVET) for adults. Since its implementation in 2012/13, one year has passed and first results are available. Is the number of 19 500 students a good start?
Poland, highly ranked in Europe in terms of share of population with at least lower secondary education in the 20-24 age group, is also very successful in reducing early school-leaving (ESL). Currently, the ESL rate in Poland, oscillating at a level of 5%, is among the lowest in Europe. The national 2020 strategy assumes it will be further reduced to 4.5%.
The Polish Presidency started on 1 July 2011 and focuses on three priorities: European integration as a source of growth, secure Europe, and Europe benefits from openness.
To ensure Europe's global competitiveness, the European Union's Member States need to provide their citizens with a wide range of combinable learning options. What are the challenges for policy-makers in charge of developing progression routes in education and training systems?
The latest in Cedefop's series of descriptions of national VET systems summarises Poland's socioeconomic background and planned reforms and explains how vocational education and training is currently organised for young people and for adults.