Young people taking part in Erasmus+ visited Cedefop to learn more about the European Union and its institutions.
New provisions created by the Vocational Training Act of 5 March 2014 rely on involvement of employees or job seekers. With this in mind, career guidance counselling, endorsed in January 2015, plays a central role in coordinating personal training accounts, vocational interviews, or validation of prior experience.
The national consultation on digital technology for education was launched in January this year and ended 9 March. Students, teachers, education managers, parents, associations and municipal authorities participated widely in the consultation. Over 50 000 questionnaires were completed, and over 150 meetings bringing together more than 10 000 participants were organised to mobilise local players.
Is a certificate a sufficient guarantee against unemployment? How do social background and gender affect job opportunities for youngsters? Céreq, the French centre for studies and research on qualifications conducted a survey which aims to shed light on young school-leavers’ first steps into working life in 2010 and interviewed in 2013.
In 2013, France received a country-specific recommendation on the need to conduct a broad set of reforms to improve functioning of its labour market and to develop lifelong learning further. France has made some progress in addressing this recommendation and adopted in March 2014 a law on vocational education and lifelong learning.
In June 2014, the French Ministry of Education published a joint report assessing the policy for combating early school-leaving. This study was the outcome of all stakeholders (Ministries of Education, Employment, city, regional and local authorities, voluntary organisations and users) involved in preventing 150 000 students dropping out of education each year without qualifications.
Phase III of decentralisation legislation was launched in spring after a lengthy period of consultation with experts, stakeholders and local authorities.
On 9 October, the strategic analysis centre (Centre d’analyse stratégique – CAS) submitted the analysis paper Individualisation in employment policies: what are the effects of the cheques, accounts and contracts? This paper is the result of an international comparison of individualised schemes in employment policies and their respective effects. The political background of this paper is characterised by a roadmap given to the social partners on the theme of employment security and it is also linked to the openness of collective bargaining related to this topic. In its report Labour - employment within 20 years (2011), CAS proposed creation of a social individual account (for the portability of social rights).
Last January Nicolas Sarkozy asked the former President of the Senate, Gérard Larcher, to produce a report covering an in-depth reform of vocational training. The report has been criticised by the social partners as well as by specialists in the field of training and by legal experts.