In 2010, the State Education Development Agency in cooperation with four partners – the Employers’ Confederation of Latvia, the Free Trade Union Confederation of Latvia, the National Centre for Education, and the State Education Quality Service – started to implement an ESF project called ‘Development of sectoral qualifications system and increasing the efficiency and quality of vocational education’ (project period: 1.12.2010-30.11.2013). The aim of this project is to establish a qualitative vocational education content provision system that functions continuously and corresponds to the needs of economic sectors.
A decline in attractiveness of secondary IVET studies and dissatisfaction of employers with graduate supply has led to a radical, yet disputed intervention by the government. Stricter rules for secondary school admission were approved by the parliament by an amendment to the Act on VET. A grade point average in grade 8 and the first half of grade 9 of lower secondary school was introduced as a regulating indicator valid from the 2014/15 school year.
In September 2012, the unemployment rate in the Czech Republic increased to 8.4% (almost half a million persons). Nevertheless, many employers find it difficult to recruit skilled workers. Currently, internships are what companies most frequently expect to find in CVs of fresh graduates. A new project ‘Internships in companies – Education through practice’ offers a chance to meet this requirement.
In accordance with implementation of the project ‘Development and implementation of an information system for workforce competence assessment by sectors and region and with the cooperation of leading human resources consultants’, the Bulgarian industrial association’s chamber (a nationally represented employers’ organisation) has developed the prototypes of the first seven sector competence models.