On 1February 2012,theBulgarian governmentapprovedtheNationalQualificationsFramework (NQF). It has been developed following the Recommendation of the European Parliament and the Council for establishment of the European qualifications framework (EQF) for lifelong learning.
Cedefop’s third review of NQF/EQF development shows that all involved countries see the National Qualification Frameworks as valuable tools to support national reforms and coherent lifelong learning policies.
The third annual review on the implementation of national qualifications frameworks - now available from our publications page as an e-book as well as in pdf format- shows significant progress, and a renewed impetus to link the NQFs to the validation of non-formal and informal learning.
The existing classification system for Czech qualifications awarded in initial education, the KKOV (Classification of Educational Qualification Types), and the levels in the NSK (National Register of Vocational Qualifications) permit a referencing to the EQF. This is possible because the curricula and legal framework for initial education, like the level descriptors and qualifications standards of the NSK, are based on the principle of learning outcomes.
This past summer (8 June) the European Parliament adopted a resolution, initiated by MEP Nadja Hirsch, on European cooperation in vocational education and training to support the European 2020 strategy. Looking back at almost 10 years since the launch of the Copenhagen process for better cooperation in vocational education and training (VET), the resolution called on the Member States to live up to their promises and implement the measures needed to make VET fit for the future. Among such measures, the common European tools and principles for VET play a leading role in making it easier to compare various forms of learning between countries and sectors, and allowing people to have this learning recognised across Europe. This past November, Cedefop organised two events at the European Parliament in Brussels to discuss these tools and principles: a workshop on the general impact on the tools; and a conference with the European social partners on the role of employers and workers in further developing and implementing the common tools and principles.
European and national qualifications frameworks are making it clearer how different qualifications, levels and types of learning relate to each other.