The ESI measures countries’ “distance to the ideal” performance. This ideal performance is chosen as the highest achieved by any country over a period of 7 years. The ideal performance is scaled to be 100 and the scores of all countries are then computed and compared to that. Basis of the ESI are 15 individual indicators from various international datasets. The scores are calculated across countries at the indicators’ level. The scores are then averaged at the various layers and finally the Index score is formed. To illustrate, an Index (or pillar, sub-pillar etc.) score of 65 suggests that the country has reached 65% of the ideal performance. Thus, there is still 35% (100-65) room for improvement. A score of 100 corresponds to achieving the ‘frontier’, that is an aspirational target performance for that indicator. A score of 0 corresponds to a lowest-case performance. This page shows specific information on the scores achieved by the chosen country across pillars, sub-pillars and indicators. Below, you can find a short commentary on country’s skills system performance over time and the ESI 2020 scores.


2022 scores and progress over time

Malta ranks 14th in the 2022 release compared to the 13th position in 2020, with a poor score for the skills development pillar, but second highest for the skills matching pillar. These results place Malta in the “middle-achieving” group for 2022.

For the skills development pillar, Malta ranks 26th, with the second to lowest “upper secondary education (and above)”. In 2022 Malta ranks in the top half of EU Member States only in “pre-primary pupil-to-teacher ratio” (rank 10th) and in “high digital skills” (rank 11th), out of all the indicators in this pillar.

For the skills activation pillar, Malta ranks 7th, with the highest proportion of “recent graduates in employment” of all countries. However, Malta’s worst indicator is in “Early leavers from training (rank 25th)”.

For the skills matching pillar, Malta ranks 2nd, with one of the best “low-waged workers (ISCED 5-8)” score (rank 4th). Among the indicators of this pillar, Malta performs one of the poorest rates in “qualification mismatch” (rank 29th).