Reference year 2019

1Target group

Q6. Does the legal basis define the minimum and maximum age limits for enrolment of the target group of this scheme?
Minimum and maximum age limits defined
Minimum age limits defined only
Other

Graduate Apprenticeships are aimed at those aged 16 and over providing that the apprentice is in employment.

Q7. What is the average age of learners in practice?
Between 15 and 18
Between 18 and 24
Above 24

There is no age data published with regards to apprentices enrolled in Graduate Apprenticeships.

2Overview of the scheme

Q8. Is the scheme included in the ISCED 2011 mapping?
Yes
No
Q9. Is there any organization at the national level with roles in co-ordinating the scheme?
Yes
No

Skills Development Scotland (SDS) administers the Scotland Apprenticeship Scheme (Programme) on behalf of Scottish Government, which incorporates Foundation Apprenticeships (FAs), Modern Apprenticeships (MAs) and Graduate Apprenticeships (GAs).

Q10. When was the scheme introduced?
Long history (before 2000)
Recently introduced (between 2000-2012)
New pathway (after 2012)

Graduate Apprenticeships were introduced from 2014 onwards

Q11. How did the apprenticeship scheme originate?
Traditional craftsmanship (master-apprentice relation) to prepare apprentices for the occupation
School-based VET track by including more work-based learning to supply skilled workforce to match labour market needs
Ex-novo
Other

Graduate Apprenticeships were introduced to support employers who want to invest in their staff by providing employees with work-based learning up to SCQF level 11 (EQF level 7).

Q12. What are the sources of financing of the direct costs for the in-company training part of the apprenticeship scheme?
Single employers hosting apprentices
Sectoral funds
State
Other

For Graduate Apprenticeships, the learning cost is currently fully funded by the State for the duration of the course. This is paid directly to the college or university. The employer pays the apprentices a salary.

Q13. Are there any financial incentives for companies that offer apprenticeship places?
Yes, subsidies
Yes, tax deductions
Yes, other incentives
No financial incentives
Q14. How many learners are enrolled in this scheme?

Graduate Apprenticeship Data

Phase 1 (September 2017):
For September 2017, 379 Graduate Apprentices places were contracted across 9 learning providers and 4 programmes (frameworks) with 278 Graduate Apprenticeship starts. These 278 starts were reported in 2017/2018 Modern Apprenticeship statistical publication[1].

A detailed report on Graduate Apprenticeships was published in August 2019 and can be found at https://www.skillsdevelopmentscotland.co.uk/media/45882/ga-report-2019…

In the financial year 2018/19 there were an average of  2,500 learners.

 

[1] https://www.skillsdevelopmentscotland.co.uk/media/44711/modern-apprenti…

Q16. Which is the type of qualification obtained through the apprenticeship scheme?
Formal VET qualification (which does not indicate the pathway)
Formal VET qualification (which indicates the pathway)
Formal apprenticeship qualification (journeyman, etc.)
Others

Graduate Apprenticeships – These include degrees at SCQF levels 9 to 11 (EQF levels 6 to 7).

Q17. Is the qualification included in the National Qualification Framework (NQF)?
Q19. Does the scheme provide direct access to higher education?
Yes
No

3Programme

4Duration

Q21. If the scheme is implemented via specific apprenticeship programme, what is its duration?

A Graduate Apprenticeship will take up to four years to complete.  

Q22. If the scheme is not implemented via specific apprenticeship programme, how is duration of apprenticeships defined in the regulation?
It Is defined as minimum and maximum share of a VET programme
Is defined as minimum share of a VET programme
Is defined as maximum share of a VET programme
Is not defined by regulation
Other
Q23. Is there a distinction between the training time and working time for the period spent at workplace, as per regulation?
Yes, the legal framework makes this distinction
No, the legal framework makes no distinction

5Alternation of work-based (in-company) training and school-based training

Q24. Is it compulsory to alternate training between two learning venues (school and company)?
Yes
No

There is no legal framework but the design rules state that it is expected that the apprentices will spend approximately 80% of the time in the workplace and 20% in the university.

Q25. Is the in-company training defined as minimum share of the apprenticeship scheme duration?
Yes, equivalent or more than 50% of scheme duration
Yes, between 20% and 50% of the scheme duration
Yes, less than 20% of the scheme duration
No, no minimum share is compulsory

Although there is no legal framework, the design rules require the Graduate Apprentice to spend most of their time in the workplace but they are also required to attend university.

Q26. What is the form of alternation of training between workplace (company) and school?
Every week includes both venues
One or more weeks (less than 1 month) spent at school followed by one or more weeks at workplace
One or more months (less than 1 year) spent at school followed by one or more months at workplace
A longer period (1-2 years) spent at school followed by a longer period spent training at workplace
Various – depends on agreements between the school and the company
Other
Not specified

Although there is no legal framework, the design rules require the Graduate Apprentice to spend most of their time in the workplace but they are also required to attend university.

6Formal relationship with the employer

Q27. Is any contractual arrangement between the learner and company, required as per regulation?
Yes
No

Graduate Apprenticeships - all apprentices are employees so there will be a contract of employment between the employer and the apprentice. 

There is a requirement for an Individual Training Plan agreed and signed by the employer, the apprentice and university

Q28. What is the nature of the contractual arrangement?
Apprenticeships are a specific type of contract
Apprenticeships are an ordinary employment contract
A formal agreement

All Graduate Apprentices are required to be employed.

Q29. Where is the contract or the formal agreement registered?
At the school
At the Ministry of employment
At the chambers
At the Ministry of education
Other

The contract of employment will be held by the employer with the apprentice receiving a copy.

The Individual Training Plan is held by the training provider and monitored by SDS in the case of publicly funded apprenticeships.

Q30. What is the status of the learner?
Apprentice is a specific status
Student
Employee
Other

For Graduate Apprenticeships, the apprentice is an employee.

7Compensation

Q31. Do apprentices receive a wage or allowance?
Yes, all apprentices receive a wage (taxable income)
Yes, all apprentices receive an allowance (not a form of taxable income)
Apprentices receive a reimbursement of expenses
No form of compensation is foreseen by law

All Graduate Apprentices receive a wage. 

Q32. How is the apprentice wage (taxable income) set?
By law (applying for all)
By cross-sectoral collective agreements at national or local level
By sectoral collective agreements at national or local level
By firm-level collective agreements or individual agreements between apprentice and company
Other

The only legislation that would relate is the minimum wage legislation.  The wage would therefore be set by the employer providing that it is line with minimum wage legislation. With Graduate Apprenticeships, this a matter between the employer and the apprentice

Q33. Who covers the cost of the wage or allowance of the apprentice?
Employers
State
Other

Employers pay the apprentices their wage.

Q34. Does the wage or allowance of the apprentice cover both the time spent at school and in the company?
Yes
No, it covers only the time spent in the company

Because graduate apprentices are full time employees, the wages that they are paid will cover time spent in the workplace and also the time spent at university.

8Responsibility of employers

Q35. Is the company hosting apprentices required by regulation to follow a training plan at the workplace?
Yes, the training plan is agreed at the level of school and company
Yes, the training plan is based on the national/sectoral requirements for the in-company training
No, is not required formally

Skills Development Scotland requires that there is an Individual Training Plan in place between the employer, the apprentice and the university. 

If there is no alternation the university will take the lead in drawing up the training plan but works closely with the employer and apprentice.  SDS monitors the implementation of the training plan (as it does with Foundation and Modern Apprenticeships.

Q36. What are the requirements on companies to provide placements, as per regulation?
Have to provide a suitable learning environment
Have to provide a mentor / tutor / trainer
Other

As Graduate Apprentices are employees, the employer is required to ensure that it provides the apprentice with the facilities, training and work place opportunities necessary to achieve the selected outcomes specified in the apprentice’s Individual Training Plan.

Q37. Are there any sanctions on companies that do not provide training to apprentices at the workplace?
Yes
No

As above, given that the Graduate Apprentices are employees, the employer must have the facilities, training and work place opportunities in place.

 SDS undertakes quality assurance monitoring of Graduate Apprenticeships. This includes ensuring that the universities who deliver Apprenticeship training programmes meet national quality assurance standards for national training programmes.

Q38. What is the role of chambers, employers’ and employees’ representatives, sectoral councils (if existent), in shaping apprenticeship content, as per regulation?
Role in designing qualification
Role in designing curricula
Other
No role

Graduate Apprenticeships are developed through ongoing consultation with employers*, universities, professional bodies and qualifications authorities in the form of technical expert groups (TEGs). The TEGs act as an advisory group on behalf of the sector and are based on the premise that industry provides the expertise to identify the skills and knowledge they need for a competent graduate workforce. The academic representatives develop the programme, quality standards and alignment to professional accreditation required for delivery of the award.

*If there is an employer association in place then it would be part of the consultations. Scottish Government is keen that actual employers are involved in the design of apprenticeship schemes and not just representative bodies.

Q39. What is the role of chambers, employers’ and employees’ representatives in implementing the apprenticeship scheme, as per regulation?
Role in final assessment of apprentices
Role in accreditation of companies
Role in monitoring of the in-company training
Other
No role

Graduate Apprenticeships are built on a partnership between single employers and learning providers. The work-based learning component of Graduate Apprenticeship is a significant and central part of the degree. The apprentice will undertake a programme leading to a degree on a part time basis. As full-time employees, apprentices are undertaking the degree on a part time basis as opposed to undertaking the degree on a full time basis and not working.  Their work setting and support from their employer will be central to the contextualisation of their learning - Skills, knowledge and competence will be integrated.

Learning providers and employers establish partnerships specifically to deliver a work-based degree. Employers have an equal role in the delivery and assessment of the programme. Employers will also have a role in the selection and ongoing support such as mentoring and in the range of quality assurance systems and processes.