The names of the qualifications obtained through apprenticeship in the dual system vary between occupational sectors, however the qualifications are fully equivalent in the sense that they all require the same type of training and give evidence of the same level of professional competence. Hence the qualifications specified below can be regarded as one single type of qualification, which is why they are frequently grouped together under the generic term ‘Lehrabschluss’ (completed vocational training), which is also used in the ISCED 2011 mapping.
The qualification awarded in the sector of skilled crafts is termed ‘Gesellenbrief’ (‘journeyman’s certificate’).
The qualification awarded in the sector of engineering and industrial occupations is termed ‘Facharbeiterbrief’ (‘skilled worker’s certificate’).
The qualification awarded in business and commercial occupations is known by the neutral term ‘IHK-Prüfungszeugnis’ (certificate of final examination at the chamber of industry and commerce), which has been replacing the traditional title of ‘Kaufmannsgehilfenbrief’ (‘business clerk’s certificate’) since 2000.
All of the above-mentioned qualifications are awarded by the competent bodies according to the Vocational Training Act, i.e. the chambers of commerce, chambers of craft trades and the sectoral chambers for some business sectors (see section 71 of the Vocational Training Act). The qualifications are based on occupational profiles defined in the training ordinances for each occupation, but they also have the status of diplomas or certificates that are recognised within the education system. Accordingly, the qualifications of the dual system may count not only as occupational but also as educational qualifications.