The fifth edition of the European Innovation Scoreboard (EIS) reveals that Sweden, Finland Switzerland, Germany and Denmark are the European innovation leaders. Most of the new Member States are engaged in the catching-up process, however, their slow pace is unlikely to allow for short-term convergence in Europe. In addition, should trends for the 25 Member States continue, the innovation gap between Europe and the US will not close. The EIS includes innovation indicators and trend analyses for all 25 European Union (EU) Member States, as well as for Bulgaria, Romania, Turkey, Iceland, Norway, Switzerland, the United States and Japan. It assesses five key dimensions of innovation: innovation drivers, knowledge creation, innovation and entrepreneurship, applications, and intellectual property. In addition, it proposes new assessment of innovation efficiency and develops a specific sectoral approach.
According to their innovation performance, the scoreboard divides the European countries in four groups:
- Leading countries: Switzerland, Finland, Sweden, Denmark and Germany
- Average performance: France, Luxembourg, Ireland, United Kingdom, Netherlands, Belgium, Austria, Norway, Italy and Iceland
- Catching up: Slovenia, Hungary, Portugal, Czech Republic, Lithuania, Latvia, Greece, Cyprus and Malta
- Losing ground: Estonia, Spain, Bulgaria, Poland, Slovakia, Romania and Turkey