Leading to formal educational/VET qualifications, Type 1, together with Type 3 Apprenticeship, “organically integrate, in a dual system, training and work with reference to the education and training qualifications as well to the occupational qualifications included in the National Inventory” (also see Q20).
The same qualifications may also be obtained as a full-time student and not as a “student and worker”, like in apprenticeship.
As for the research sub type and apprenticeships for regulated professions, there is no link with any formal educational qualification but a professional status and an occupational qualification, determined by the inter-sectoral and sectoral collective agreement.
 art. 41, Leg. Decr. 81/2015