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Cedefop has just released the 2020 European skills index (ESI), which showcases the skills systems’ improvements made since its 2018 edition,  including areas that merit further attention in each country.


The January 2020 issue of Skillset and match, Cedefop’s magazine promoting learning for work, is now available to read and download.

Issue highlights:

  • Germany’s First Lady Elke Büdenbender talks about equal participation for a more equitable society and how women can break through the glass ceiling in the STEM fields;
  • Improving skills is an investment in people, says Director-General of the European Commission’s DG Employment Joost Korte;
  • Italian football legend Demetrio Albertini puts his skills in the service of vocational education and training as ambassador of the European vocational skills week;
  • We report from a leading vocational college in Helsinki on Finland’s achievements in the field;
  • Article on key competences: approaches and challenges;
  • Occupation in focus: Machine and plant operators;
  • Revamping vocational education and training in Croatia;
  • The next steps for apprenticeship.

You can also browse through the latest Cedefop publications and upcoming events.

Download the electronic version.

Have a look at the magazine’s previous issues.


It is widely accepted that digital innovation is changing work environments and occupational profiles, impacting on people’s learning and work. But how does it affect the way people can manage their careers, train and change jobs? Thanks to innovative tools, greater data availability and artificial intelligence, new approaches to career development support and self-directed learning are transforming lifelong learning.


People in Cyprus are positive about vocational education and training (VET), but most are not attracted to it as a learning option. According to Cedefop’s survey about EU citizens’ opinions on VET for those aged 16-18, 67% of Cyprus respondents believe that VET has a positive image. Some 88% believe that it strengthens the economy and 81% that it helps reduce unemployment.


Vocational education and training (VET) in Finland has an excellent reputation. Popularity of VET as a learning option has increased steadily since the early 2000s; currently, more than 40% of the relevant age group applies for VET studies immediately after basic education. However, building on earlier reforms, Finland plans more changes to its VET system.


The external factors that have an impact on apprenticeship and the relevant design and delivery responses were discussed at a joint Cedefop/OECD symposium, on 7 October in Paris.


Vocational education and training (VET) enjoys a positive image in Italy, but is still regarded less favourably than general education. One reason may be that awareness about VET is amongst the lowest in the EU (see map below), according to the findings of Cedefop’s survey on what EU citizens think about VET for 16 to18 year-olds.


The September 2019 issue of Skillset and match, Cedefop’s magazine promoting learning for work, is now available to read and download.

New Cedefop research details the challenges

Sweeping technological change has raised uncertainty among workers across Europe. Some forecasts predict that nearly half of all jobs in advanced economies may potentially be automated, and 72% of EU citizens fear that robots may ‘steal people’s jobs’. Cedefop’s European skills and jobs survey has added detail to the theories: 43% of adult workers across the EU reported that the technologies they use in the workplace have changed in the past five years, while 47% saw changes in their working methods or practices.


Jürgen Siebel took up his duties today as Cedefop Executive Director. Mr Siebel was selected to the post by the European Commission. He joins Cedefop from the private sector.


Despite enjoying an excellent reputation abroad, vocational education and training (VET) in the Netherlands has a poor image at home. This was the striking finding of an opinion survey carried out by Cedefop to gain insights into the views EU citizens have about VET at upper secondary level.


Education in Greece at upper secondary level is dominated by the Panhellenic exams; they will decide to which university a student will go and what they will study. Little thought is given to upper secondary vocational education and training (VET) for 16 to 18 year-olds, even though it can offer better job prospects than general education.


Europeans have now better prospects when it comes to employability, mobility and access to further education. The 2017 revision of the European qualifications framework for lifelong learning (EQF), a reference tool making national qualifications more readable across Europe, has stepped up its implementation across countries, systems and institutions.


While other European Union (EU) Member States see vocational education and training (VET) as inferior to general education, many Bulgarians consider it a quicker route to a good job, according to an opinion survey on VET carried out by Cedefop.


The May 2019 issue of Skillset and match, Cedefop’s magazine promoting learning for work, is now available to read and download.


Cedefop offers a concise, clear and concrete picture of vocational education and training (VET) systems in a new publication (in English) which brings together the main VET features and data in 30 countries: all EU Member States, Norway and Iceland.


Cedefop releases today new insights on skills and jobs in seven European countries. After several years of development, the agency presents first results of this new type of labour market intelligence, based on information from more than 30 million online job vacancies collected in the second half of 2018 in Czechia, Germany, Spain, France, Ireland, Italy and the UK.


In 2107, 15.7% of low-qualified young Europeans aged 15-29 were not in education, employment or training (NEET), compared to 9.6% of their better educated peers. In the same year, the unemployment rate of low-qualified adults of working age (25-64) stood at 13.9% in the EU-28 while that of their highly qualified peers was at 4.2%.


The January 2019 issue of Skillset and match, Cedefop’s magazine promoting learning for work, is now available to read and download.


Teams of vocational education and training (VET) learners from Italy, Hungary and Lithuania are the winners of this year’s #CedefopPhotoAward competition.



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