When discussing apprenticeships (starfsmenntun) in the context of vocational education and training (VET), the schemes are numerous and organized within particular sectors (builders, hairdressers, electricians etc.) but all at upper secondary level.
However, there is long tradition within some higher education (tertiary level) professions of work-based training periods, as in health care (doctors, nurses, teachers, etc.). These are never referred to as apprenticeships in the same way as when discussing VET but are a form of apprenticeships.
In this fiche the discussion focuses on apprenticeships at the upper secondary level.