In Hungary one national level mainstream “apprenticeship” scheme exists in initial VET called dual vocational training (the dual vocational training based on training contract).
The primary aim of the dual vocational training is to allow young people the comprehensive acquisition of necessary skills, by which they would be able to perform their tasks at work effectively and innovatively, independently and in cooperation with others as well.
Dual vocational training is a scheme in IVET where the responsibilities and costs for training are shared by the state and the companies. Implementation of dual vocational training is at the level of the school and the enterprise. Schools and employers i.e. businesses or so called other organisations (e.g. hospitals, foundations, associations, budgetary bodies, cooperatives, etc.), jointly contribute to the vocational training of students. The vocational school provides for the vocational theoretical training of young people, while practical training is done by enterprises at the workplace.
More information is available at Ildikó Görgényi Modláné (2015): With Dual Training in the World of Work. Hungarian Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Budapest. p. 8. https://www.tanuloszerzodes.hu/sites/default/files/files/downloads/Dual_... (English version)