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This section proposes a selection of inspiring examples, including:

These examples were selected as part of the Cedefop study ‘Leaving education early: putting vocational education and training (VET) centre stage’. Would you like to know more about the methodology used to select the examples and the countries covered? Go to About >

EU Member States
Displaying results 1 - 15 out of 236


  • Good practice

    “FUORI SCUOLA” Pathways for the recovery of early school leaving

    FUORI SCUOLA Percorsi di recupero dalla dispersione scolastica

    FUORI SCUOLA is a project that aims to tackle early leaving from education and training at the local level of provinces.

    Having a holistic approach aiming at the wellbeing of young early leavers, each organisation provides services in four areas:

    a) development of professional skills;

    b) development of personal and social skills;

    c) development of key competences;

    d) reaching out, engagement, reception, listening and guidance.

  • Good practice

    Early School Workers (ESW)

    Erasmus+ project “Early School Workers” was designed and carried out to provide VET teachers and schools with guidelines and tools to support learners from becoming early school leavers and increase the employability of youngsters while fostering their active role in the society.

  • Publications

    Recommendations on inclusive education

    Based on the COFACE Disability S.H.I.F.T. guide for a meaningful inlusion of persons with disabilities and their families. COFACE Families Europe is a pluralistic network of civil society associations representing the interests of all families.

    According to article 24 of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD), signed and adopted by the European Union and all its Member States, and of its General Comment No. 4, State parties must ensure the realisation of the right of persons with disabilities to education through an inclusive education system at all levels, including pre-schools, primary, secondary and tertiary education, vocational training and lifelong learning, extracurricular and social activities, and for all students, including persons with disabilities.

  • Publications

    Prevent early leaving from vocational education and training: guidelines and proposals

    Prevenir el abandono de los estudios en la formación profesional: orientaciones y propuestas

    Educational research is an increasingly important tool for educational governance and evidence-based decision making. This guide is an outcome of the excellent research project Itinerarios de éxito y abandono en la formación profesional del sistema educativo (IEAFP) (Success and dropout itineraries in vocational education and training of the education system) managed by Dr Francesca Salvà Mut and her team.

  • Statistics and Data

    Early leavers from education and training

    European Parliament, Infographic Lifelong Learning Briefing

    Young adults whose highest level of education is at or below lower secondary school level are considered early leavers from education and training.

  • Publications

    Natives and immigrants enrolled in Spanish intermediate vocational education and training: a comparative study

    Antoni Cerdà-Navarro, Francesca Salvà-Mut, Rubén Comas-Forgas & Mercè Morey-López

    This article looks at the differences and similarities between Spanish-born and immigrant students enrolled in the first year of Intermediate Vocational Education (IVET) programmes in Spain.

  • Publications

    From messing about to getting wound up: Metaphor and coherence in the stories of five young people returning to CFGM

    De liarla a rayarse: metáfora y coherencia en los relatos de cinco jóvenes que retornan a un CFGM

    For many young people who enrol in intermediate VET (Ciclos Formativos de Grado Medio – CFGM, ISCED 3B), the transition from compulsory education or other alternative programmes becomes a complex process, where the possibility of reconstructing their academic identities positively is highly relevant.

  • Publications

    Structural Indicatiors for Monitoring Education and Training Systems in Europe 2020

    Overview of Major Reforms since 2015

    This report contains more than 35 updated structural indicators on education policies for the 2019/20 school/academic year in six policy areas: early childhood education and care (ECEC), achievement in basic skills, early leaving from education and training (ELET), higher education, graduate employability and learning mobility.

  • Publications

    Digital gap during COVID-19 for VET learners at risk in Europe

    Synthesis report based on preliminary information on seven countries provided by Cedefop’s Network of Ambassadors tackling early leaving from VET

    Cedefop’s ambassadors for tackling early leaving from education and training call for further support to address the needs of learners at risk and ensure their equal access to quality distance learning.

  • Good practice

    Second Chance Schools - Spain

    Escuelas de Segunda Oportunidad (E2O)

    The project offers practical and effective solutions to young people in Spain without a job or qualification, through the development of an innovative model of Second Chance School (E2O).

  • Good practice


    Supporting educational and social inclusion of young early leavers and those at risk of early leaving through mechanisms of orientation and tutorial action.

  • Tools

    DIDO - Dropping-in the dropouts toolkit

    The DIDO toolkit contains practical tools aimed at preventing dropout in adult education.

  • Publications

    Prevention and Reduction of Poverty and Social Exclusion through Education, Vocational Training and Lifelong Learning

    This European Anti-Poverty Network (EAPN) Key Issues and Promising Practices Paper provides a grassroots assessment of the current state of play and new developments in the education field, from the perspective of people experiencing poverty and social exclusion and from NGOs providing support, guidance and services to them.

  • Publications

    Research publications on Early leaving from VET

    Results from Summon Cedefop’s discovery tool

    This collection of publications (bibliography) on Early leaving from VET retrieves entries relevant to early leaving from VET from Cedefop’s discovery tool (Summons) that allows you to navigate through essential scientific information and open access journals from major sources selected by Cedefop, mostly emphasising in academic publications.

  • Publications

    Bibliography on Early leaving from VET

    Results from Cedefop's VET-Bib bibliographic database

    This collection of publications (bibliography) on Early leaving from VET retrieves entries relevant to early leaving from VET from Cedefop’s official bibliographical database (VET-Bib).