All stakeholders actively contribute to the promotion and management of Europass documents.
Europass consists of the following five elements:
- the Europass Curriculum Vitae (completed on individual level for qualifications, professional experience, skills and competences);
- the Europass Language Passport (completed on individual level for language skills);
- the Europass Certificate Supplement (issued by the authorities that award VET certificates, to add further information, make them more comprehensible to employers and institutions outside the issuing country);
- the Europass Diploma Supplement (issued by higher education institutions along with graduates’ degrees or diplomas, to make them more comprehensible outside the country awarded;
- the Europass Mobility Document (records all organised period of time that a person spends in another European country for the purpose of learning or training).
- The “Working in Europe” section is more LMI updated as it provides external links to available EC employment, guidance and educational services;
- The Interoperability section liaises Europass with any organisation that maintains a CV database or manages personal data.
- The portal works with Open Source solid standards and is operable in HTML and XML;
- The interoperable aspects of Europass are defined in XML and JSON format;
- An XML vocabulary implemented as an XML Schema to describe the information contained in the Curriculum Vitae (CV), Language Passport (LP) and European Skills Passport (ESP);
- Individuals who use the Europass online editors to create a CV, LP or ESP can save it in Europass XML format or PDF format with the XML attached. Both formats can be imported to the Europass online editors at a later stage for editing, or to any other system that understands the Europass XML.
- Quantitative: Total number of visits since launch in 2005 is estimated at almost 140 million. Overall, Europass users tend to be young, female and highly educated.
- Qualitative: the most important European added value was the creation of a set of international, recognised and uniform documents for recording qualifications, skills and experiences. An effective support system and a well-developed brand image led to international recognition of the documents, which was the key reason why they are chosen by the end-users.
- Evaluation process: every four years, the EC should submit to the Parliament and the Council an evaluation report on the implementation of Europass. Also, the portal collects statistical data on usage on monthly basis; and direct feedback – primarily on technical issues – is obtained via asynchronous communication means (e-mail).
- Cooperation with similar European initiatives (e.g. Euroguidance);
- Pooling many resources in its dissemination;
- Joint efforts in keeping Europass up to date with the needs of various stakeholders through proper engagement strategies;
- Availability of Europass as a free tool;
- Direct involvement of NECs;
- Official requirement to use Europass documents across EU Member States.
- Lack of awareness of general public.
- Layout, content and design.
- Lack of a single document for describing and recording learning achievements and skills acquired in non-formal and informal settings.
- Keeping up to date with technological developments and making the platform more user-friendly.
When Europass was initiated in 1991, mobility of students and employees around Europe was around 3%-4% due to reasons such as language barriers, lack of recognition of formal education and skills across Europe, absence of necessary legislation to facilitate mobility, etc. In 1998, the European Forum on Transparency of Vocational Qualifications concluded in the development of the Europass, as well as a network of National Reference Points for Vocational Qualifications (NRPs).
An annual amount of approximately EUR 2 million is being assigned to the initiative.
Cedefop is responsible for the overall operation and maintenance of Europass website: design and elaboration of the different templates uploaded on the website and the quality control of Europass’ different aspects.
Cedefop is supported technically by external IT organisations: e.g. in the development of additional, new modules; the provision of on-site services, etc.
Europass interoperability is based upon a common vocabulary that leverages the benefits of web services and public APIs.
Stakeholders' contribution to promotion and management of Europass documents.
The most important trend identified to be affecting the future course of Europass is interoperability. From an LMI perspective, Europass aims to explore the ways to further improve the job-matching aspects of the documents, to provide data mining and to accomplish skills intelligence.