Any enterprise (private or public) can hire an apprentice if the employer commits him/herself to effectively organize and support the apprenticeship. The employer undertakes to provide the apprentice with vocational training, partly in the company and partly in an apprentice training centre.
For this purpose, the employer must notably ensure adequate conditions (appropriate infrastructure, equipment and techniques used, working conditions, sanitation and security, etc.) to allow the apprenticeship to be carried out in a satisfactory manner.
Article L6221-1 of the Labour Code
The employer gives the apprentices tasks or occupations enabling them to carry out operations or work in accordance with an annual progression defined by agreement between the CFA and company representatives.
Art. L6223-3 of the Labour Code
Recruiting an apprentice requires the employer to choose a volunteer apprentice master among skilled workforce to accompany him/her during his/her training at the company.
The conditions of professional competence required of an apprenticeship master are determined by collective sector agreement.
In the absence of such an agreement, the conditions of professional competence required of an apprenticeship master are determined by regulation (Article L6223-8-1 code of labour):
1. Persons who hold a diploma or title in the professional field corresponding to the purpose of the diploma or title being prepared by the apprentice and of at least an equivalent level, and who can prove that they have been working for one year in a professional activity related to the qualification being prepared by the apprentice;
2. Persons who can prove that they have been working for two years in a professional activity related to the qualification prepared by the apprentice.
Article R6223-22 code of labour
The employer guarantees that the company's equipment, the techniques used, the working, health and safety conditions, the professional and pedagogical skills and the morality of the persons responsible for the training are such as to permit a satisfactory training.
Article L6223-1 of the Labour Code