A VET in Europe country report is part of a series of reports on vocational education and training (VET) produced by each EU Member State plus Norway and Iceland by members of ReferNet, a network established by Cedefop (European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training).
Cedefop has built on the ReferNet country report structure to produce the short description of vocational education and training in Finland for its Presidency in the EU in 2019 providing an insight into its main features and by highlighting VET policy developments and current challenges.
This short description contributes to better understanding of vocational education and training (VET) in Finland by providing insight into its main features and highlighting system developments and current challenges.
Finnish VET is highly regarded: 90% of Finns think it offers high-quality learning and 40% enrol in VET after basic education. The reasons include qualified and competent teaching, flexible qualifications, strong employment prospects and eligibility for further studies.
VET flexibility is one of the Finnish system’s greatest strengths. Personal development plans are created for each learner at the beginning of studies. Learners study only what they do not yet know; the more they know, the shorter their studies. VET study can start at any time, depending on provider arrangements.
The system is undergoing significant change. The 2018 reform is increasing the share of performance and effectiveness funding: these are to be based on the number of completed qualifications, on learners’ access to employment or pursuit of further education, and on feedback from both learners and the labour market.