German companies have an urgent need not only for well-qualified graduates, but also for graduates from vocational schools with the confidence to take on management positions. However, these vocational schools, where skilled workers are trained for so many fields, are often pushed into the background. How can VET students be encouraged to go into management or set up their own company, even without an academic degree?
In 2009, the ministers of education and the arts of the German Federal States (Länder) agreed on general and subject-based requirements to grant those with vocational qualifications access to higher education.
Just over three years after the signing of the Berlin memorandum on cooperation in vocational education and training (VET) in Europe, representatives from Germany, Greece, Italy, Latvia, Portugal, and Slovakia convened to review progress. The main focuses were implementation of dual or workplace-based training, increasing the attractiveness and quality of vocational education, modernisation of training systems, and integration of the social partners into the respective VET system.
The Integration Act was adopted on the 25 May 2016 and intends to facilitate refugee integration into society. The guiding principle on which the new legislation is based is that of ‘support and challenge’. Refugees who have good prospects of being allowed to stay permanently will be eligible to take integration courses and to take advantage of job and training opportunities sooner than before. However, they will also be required to work on their own integration. Those asylum seekers who refuse to take part in an integration course or who do not meet their duties to cooperate will have their benefits curtailed.
What can we do to promote sustainable development when we are standing at the work bench, sitting in the office or working behind the counter? Which vocational competences are needed to enable us to focus on the sustainability principle when at work? What should a learning location look like to make this a reality? The Federal Institute for VET, on behalf of the Federal Ministry of Education and Research, has 12 pilot projects aiming to embed sustainability within the structure of vocational education and training (VET). Six million EUR has been provided for these projects.From learning German to help with vocational and educational training: the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research is supporting the integration of refugees with an extensive package of measures.
Many upper secondary school leavers find vocational training unappealing. Formats like Triale studies can help.
From learning German to help with vocational and educational training: the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research is supporting the integration of refugees with an extensive package of measures.
At a meeting at the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) in Berlin on 2 September, Federal State Secretary Cornelia Quennet-Thielen and Cedefop Director James Calleja discussed Cedefop’s future role and synergies on validation of informal and non-formal learning, acquisition of digital skills for new jobs, governance of EU skills anticipation and matching systems.
The results of a student survey on the attractiveness of vocational education and training (VET), conducted by the University of Maastricht in cooperation with the Federal Institute for Vocational Education and Training (BIBB), show that around a third of students have doubts about whether they will complete the course of higher education study they are currently undertaking. About 30% believe that training in the dual system is an attractive alternative.
It is not easy to find one’s way around in a foreign country. Refugees and asylum seekers in Germany have different ways of gaining initial practical experience in the labour market. Many initiatives, chambers and associations, as well as businesses, provide local career guidance. The website of the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees (BAMF) offers basic information on foreigners’ rights and opportunities, helping them to navigate the German labour market.