Policy developments in Iceland

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Displaying 1 - 8 of 8 policy developments
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Objectives

Goals and objectives of the policy development.

Increasing the numbers of young learners choosing VET following compulsory education, as well as the numbers of learners who finish their VET studies and training.

Description

What/How/Who/For whom/When of the policy development in detail, explaining its activities and annual progress, main actors and target groups.

In February 2020, the education minister, along with the chairwomen of the Federation of Icelandic Industries and of the Association of Local Authorities, introduced a strategy and priorities on how to strengthen VET in Iceland. Among the priorities introduced in February 2020 were new policy (proposals) developments such as:

  1. transferring the responsibility for finding workplace contracts for apprentices from the learners themselves to the VET schools. When the digital logbook is in full...

Bodies responsible

This section lists main bodies that are responsible for the implementation of the policy development or for its specific parts or activities, as indicated in the regulatory acts. The responsibilities are usually explained in its description.
  • Ministry of Education, Science and Culture (until 2021)
  • Ministry of Education and Children
ID number
28907
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Iceland Strategy/Action plan

Objectives

Goals and objectives of the policy development.

To attract more people to teaching.

Description

What/How/Who/For whom/When of the policy development in detail, explaining its activities and annual progress, main actors and target groups.

In 2015, teachers received a substantial salary increase in the hope that more young people would see the profession as attractive and join it, thus reversing the rising age trend among teaching professionals. This measure did not produce the expected results. Another reason for this was the boom in available jobs for many VET professionals in recent years, which increased the unattractiveness of the teaching profession. Part of the need for teachers has been bridged by giving people...

Bodies responsible

This section lists main bodies that are responsible for the implementation of the policy development or for its specific parts or activities, as indicated in the regulatory acts. The responsibilities are usually explained in its description.
  • Ministry of Education, Science and Culture (until 2021)
ID number
28312
View details
Iceland Practical measure/Initiative

Objectives

Goals and objectives of the policy development.

To turn this development around and improve reading literacy amongst Icelandic learners.

Description

What/How/Who/For whom/When of the policy development in detail, explaining its activities and annual progress, main actors and target groups.

Since 2018, the Directorate of Education has been leading a national campaign for literacy, where all schools at compulsory and upper secondary level are offered assistance. The main emphasis is on compulsory schools, managed by the municipalities, where many have already amended their policies. A movement to assist learners lacking competences is in progress. Many have to deal with dyslexia and get special assistance.

Bodies responsible

This section lists main bodies that are responsible for the implementation of the policy development or for its specific parts or activities, as indicated in the regulatory acts. The responsibilities are usually explained in its description.
  • Directorate for Education
ID number
28311
View details
Iceland Practical measure/Initiative

Objectives

Goals and objectives of the policy development.

To ensure the same opportunities in Icelandic society for immigrants as for natives, i.e. in the education system.

Description

What/How/Who/For whom/When of the policy development in detail, explaining its activities and annual progress, main actors and target groups.

An action plan for the reception of immigrants was approved by the Parliament in 2016, stating that students/learners with a foreign background should have the same opportunities for education as those born in Iceland. Various steps have been taken by individual elementary and upper secondary schools to facilitate better integration, such as by cooperation with NGOs, but specific funding for the actions listed in this action plan has not yet been provided. The Directorate of Education also...

Bodies responsible

This section lists main bodies that are responsible for the implementation of the policy development or for its specific parts or activities, as indicated in the regulatory acts. The responsibilities are usually explained in its description.
  • Ministry of Education, Science and Culture (until 2021)
  • Ministry of Transport and Local Government (until 2021)
  • Ministry of Social Affairs and Labour
  • Ministry of Education and Children
ID number
28310
View details
Iceland Strategy/Action plan

Objectives

Goals and objectives of the policy development.

To streamline and equalise the professional support given to the councils and thereby increase their productiveness and better coordinate their work.

Description

What/How/Who/For whom/When of the policy development in detail, explaining its activities and annual progress, main actors and target groups.

The occupational councils provide the education minister with guidance on vocational education at the upper secondary school level. The councils are responsible for defining job descriptions and competency requirements and provide reviews of upper secondary qualifications. The councils also keep a record of companies and workplaces that meet requirements for workplace learning. The coordination role was moved to the Directorate of Education instead of with SA-Business Iceland.
The...

Bodies responsible

This section lists main bodies that are responsible for the implementation of the policy development or for its specific parts or activities, as indicated in the regulatory acts. The responsibilities are usually explained in its description.
  • Directorate of Education
ID number
28309
View details
Iceland Practical measure/Initiative

Objectives

Goals and objectives of the policy development.

Increase oversight of all parties involved, make the logbook more easily accessible - digitally - for learners, schools and workplace trainers alike and simultaneously make VET more attractive for learners. The system will also function as a venue for schools to assist learners in finding apprenticeship work placements and for the workplaces to advertise their apprenticeships. Further, the system will increase the overall quality of workplace learning and ensure that apprentices do get the...

Description

What/How/Who/For whom/When of the policy development in detail, explaining its activities and annual progress, main actors and target groups.

In 2019, the Directorate of Education hired a special project manager to develop and coordinate the digital logbook for VET learners, which would serve as an important quality management tool for apprenticeships and increase the attractiveness of VET. The education ministry had planned for a major industry organisation, SA-Business Iceland, to coordinate the work with the occupational councils but by early 2020 the Directorate of Education was also entrusted with that task. The new digital...

Bodies responsible

This section lists main bodies that are responsible for the implementation of the policy development or for its specific parts or activities, as indicated in the regulatory acts. The responsibilities are usually explained in its description.
  • Ministry of Education, Science and Culture (until 2021)
  • Directorate for Education
ID number
28308
View details
Iceland Practical measure/Initiative

Objectives

Goals and objectives of the policy development.

To improve the country's skills anticipating and matching strategy.

Description

What/How/Who/For whom/When of the policy development in detail, explaining its activities and annual progress, main actors and target groups.

In 2016, Cedefop provided technical advice to Iceland to improve its 'governance of skills anticipation and matching'. The aim was to improve the management and coordination of skills anticipation efforts, making existing skills anticipation initiatives more useful for policy, and to improve the linking of skills intelligence to education and training. In 2018, a report on Iceland's skill foresight needs was published, stating the need for a strategy for skills anticipation and matching in...

Bodies responsible

This section lists main bodies that are responsible for the implementation of the policy development or for its specific parts or activities, as indicated in the regulatory acts. The responsibilities are usually explained in its description.
  • Ministry of Education, Science and Culture (until 2021)
  • Ministry of Labour Affairs
  • The Prime Minister's Office
  • Ministry of Higher Education, Science and Innovation
ID number
28307
View details
Iceland Practical measure/Initiative

Objectives

Goals and objectives of the policy development.

To improve and strengthen VET and make it more attractive.

Description

What/How/Who/For whom/When of the policy development in detail, explaining its activities and annual progress, main actors and target groups.

For 2015-17, the main emphasis in the education ministry was the elaboration of proposals that a specific working group delivered in 2015. The main ideas of the working group were:

  1. the school should be responsible for the training of learners throughout their studies, including the workplace training;
  2. the basic education at the commencement of VET needs to be broader and more subjects need to be offered for those who have not yet decided what they would like to study;
  3. to develop further...

Bodies responsible

This section lists main bodies that are responsible for the implementation of the policy development or for its specific parts or activities, as indicated in the regulatory acts. The responsibilities are usually explained in its description.
  • Ministry of Education, Science and Culture (until 2021)
ID number
28306
View details
Iceland Strategy/Action plan