Finland (2021)

2.1.2.2. MEASURES TO REDUCE ADMINISTRATIVE BURDENS THAT MAY HINDER THE INTERNATIONAL MOBILITY OF INCOMING OR OUTGOING IVET LEARNERS
The country has measures in place to alleviate the administrative burdens that may hinder the international learning mobility of IVET learners.
In most vocational institutions there are international coordinators and other staff responsible for international activities who support both outgoing and incoming IVET learners. They coordinate the administration of student mobility when it is organised by the vocational institution, also providing administrative support, guidance and mentoring. Additionally, they provide the students with information, guidance and support when the students organize their mobility period by themselves. The role of the international coordinators in the vocational institutions is crucial to alleviate the administrative burdens for students.
VET institutions receive support from EDUFI in form of information, trainings and international mobility tools. Also, the work of ECVET experts coordinated by EDUFI strongly supports the smoothening of the recognition of learning outcomes abroad.
The revised VET qualification requirements and the reformed VET legislation also support versatile learning environments abroad. The Ministry of Education and Culture has also provided English translations of the contents of the obligatory Training Agreement and Apprenticeship Agreement forms, in order to ease the administrative preparation of a training period abroad.

France (2021)

2.1.2.2. MEASURES TO REDUCE ADMINISTRATIVE BURDENS THAT MAY HINDER THE INTERNATIONAL MOBILITY OF INCOMING OR OUTGOING IVET LEARNERS
France has instituted simplified administrative procedures. In particular the agency Campus France manages mobility for foreign students and interns – including IVET learners – having received scholarships, so that they can study in France or abroad. The Agency also provides support for French students going abroad to study. It is structured as a "one-stop shop" offering a full-fledged welcome line to foreign students, with everything from orientation services to scholarship disbursal or even personalised tracking throughout their studies if required: in short, a single contact point covering all contract items. It has set up a special website in this regard for students wishing to start or continue their studies in France, where they can also complete the entire visa application process before coming to France (1).

In addition, basic universal health insurance (CMU) has been instituted. A website for foreign students has been set up. It can be used to register for university courses online (2). The Ministry of the Interior and the Ministry for National Education, Higher Education and Research have set up multi-service reception platforms for foreign students (single points of contact) in order to improve the reception of foreign students and to facilitate their administrative procedures. In 2017, there were 26 one-stop shops for foreign students (3). The "Welcome refugees" website (4), published by the Ministry of Higher Education, Research and Innovation and the Crous (Regional Student Welfare Centers, ‘Centres régionaux des oeuvres universitaires et scolaires’), is aimed at refugees or persons benefiting from subsidiary protection who wish to continue or resume their studies.

Recent laws reforming the labour code (March 2018) (5) and vocational education and training (September 2018) (6) include measures that apply to all young people under the two main work-based learning schemes, i.e. the apprenticeship contract (contrat d’apprentissage) and the professional development contract (contrat de professionalisation). Organizing periods of mobility abroad as part of alternance training schemes should now be easier and more legally secured for both training organisations and employers. In particular:
- the French employer is no longer responsible for the conditions of performance of the work during the period of mobility abroad, as was previously the case. The host employer or training provider becomes sole responsible for working time, health and safety, remuneration, weekly rest, in accordance with the legal and contractual provisions in force in the country concerned;
- parties have more room to adjust the duration of the mobility period abroad. In both alternance training schemes the period abroad may vary from six months to maximum one year. In addition, the duration of apprenticeship contracts may now be adjusted taking into account the skills acquired during mobility abroad. This is possible through an agreement between the training provider, the employer and the apprentice. For short mobility periods (less than 4 weeks), a secondment agreement may be concluded between the apprentice, the employer in France, the training centre in France and the training centre abroad and, if necessary, the employer abroad;
- Reception of apprentices from a EU Member States is simplified. Apprentices from an EU Member State who are moving to France benefit from the provisions of the Labour Code, but due to the temporary nature of this mobility, several provisions of the Labour Code are not applicable to them: the training may not lead to a diploma or professional title registered in the National Register of Professional Qualifications (RNCP); and the status of a vocational training trainee is not compulsory for them.
In 2019, the Ministry of Labour published two practical guides for companies employing apprentices and apprentice training centres, aimed at presenting in practice the steps to be taken to facilitate the European and international mobility of their apprentices (7).
___________
(1) http://www.campusfrance.org/fr/page/procedure-cef-creez-votre-dossier
(2) http://vosdroits.service-public.fr/particuliers/R19176.xhtml
(3) Decree of 30 July 2015 and government instruction of 3 September 2015: http://circulaire.legifrance.gouv.fr/pdf/2015/09/cir_39990.pdf
(4) http://www.etudiant.gouv.fr/pid38113/welcome-refugees.html
(5) Mobilité internationale et européenne des apprentis. Article L6222-42 Créé par LOI n°2018-217 du 29 mars 2018 - art. 23 - section 7 [Labour Code – Section 7: International and European mobility of apprentices, Article L6222-42 created by Law No 2018-217 of 29 March 2018] https://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichCode.do?idSectionTA=LEGISCTA0000367...
(6) LOI n° 2018-771 du 5 septembre 2018 pour la liberté de choisir son avenir professionnel [The Law No 2018-771of 5 September 2018 on the liberty of choosing one’s career] https://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichTexte.do;jsessionid=A6446FA6AF9D1E…
(7) https://travail-emploi.gouv.fr/demarches-ressources-documentaires/docum…