Sectoral practical training centres
Sectoral practical training centres are primarily the instruments of the initial VET policy, which helps meet current and future skills shortages.
The policy goal is to modernise and update the technical infrastructure of the initial VET and lifelong learning. It widens the accessibility of practical training by providing workplace-based competences needed in the different sectoral occupations.
It is a part of the national programme for development of initial vocational education and training, but at the same time it explicitly targets the problem of provision of practical skills needed in the workplace. It is directly focused on skills mismatch, seeking to improve and adjust the skills of the current and future workforce to the needs of enterprises in the sectors. The focus on skills shortages is ensured through the development of training curricula in close cooperation with employers and the involvement of skilled specialists from the enterprises in the supervision and provision of training.
Aim of policy instrument
Main responsible body
Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Lithuania
€117,754 was assigned for the first period of 2007-2013, and €48,950 for the second 2014 -2020. The project is financed by EU structural funds.
The practical training centres offer up-to-date modern practical training environment to VET students, unemployed people, higher education students (who can use the practical training centres for internships and practical training sessions) and employees of enterprises.
Use of labour market intelligence
Prepared vocational training programmes were adjusted to the labour market needs. The programme also helped to improve skills of adults actively participating in the labour market. Information is used and analysed from the Labour Exchange, strategical documents of business associations, employers' survey data and the requests of employers expressed in different meetings and discussions, in order to identify the needs of the labour market information at the regional level.
The prime professional training is financed by subsidies from the governmental budget, continuous professional training is financed by Employment fund, enterprises and private finances.
Frequency of updates
The programme consists of two part: 2007-2013 and 2014-2020.
There were no adjustments.
Competence and focused work of managers of sectoral practical training centres.
The programme allowed to modernise the depot and adapt it to the youth, adult and other learners needs and work. 42 sectoral practical training centres were established in different regions of Lithuania, where learnings spaces were set up and equipped with modern facilities. Twice a year employment of sectoral practical training centres for pupils from vocational education schools and general education schools, students of colleges and universities, and other users is analysed. The following indicators are analysed: the percentage of pupils learning under vocational training programmes; the percentage of adults aged 25-64 studied for 4 weeks; the percentage of graduates who are registered at the Lithuanian Labour Exchange; and the percentage of employed graduates in one year from graduating the programme.
All students from vocational schools and colleges have the possibility to get acquainted with modern technologies of production and services provision, to gain valuable practical skills and to integrate themselves more successfully into the labour market. Due to sectoral practical training centres cooperation among training institutions, businesses are being developed, as well as their employees' competences, and there is an enhancement of individual and business competitiveness.
Evidence of effectiveness
Modernised infrastructure allowed to improve the quality of professional training and possibilities to prepare specialists, meeting the need of the labour market. The programme accelerates modernisation and attractiveness of Lithuanian vocational training system. The audit of the performance of sectoral practical training centres was accomplished in 2016. The results of the audit state that usage of sectoral practical training centres is not equal, not effective enough and do not reach defined goals. Effectiveness could be improved by exploring sectoral practical trainings centres for external users.
Engagement of stakeholders
The guidelines of performance of sectoral practical training centres have been prepared on the same basis professional education institutions prepared the description of the service provision procedure.
It is easily transferable, because similar centres work in many other countries with a school-based or dual VET system. The main challenges of transfer are comparatively high costs of finding sufficient funding sources, as well as risks and challenges related to the management, sustaining and upgrading of the infrastructure and teaching staff.
It is expected that sectoral practical training centres will be used as widely as possible, not only to organize practical training, but also to facilitate the implementation of new initial and continuing vocational training programs. It should be noted that in the future sectoral practical training centres could also be the centres for assessing individual competencies and improving the skills of teachers.