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Measures for Gaining First Work Experience / Internship

Policy Instrument

Measures for Gaining First Work Experience / Internship

Mjere za stjecanje prvog radnog iskustva / pripravništva
Croatia

Description

Timespan

The instrument has been introduced in 2009 as part of the package of 8 main measures for employment. The previous period of implementation was 2015-2017. In December 2017, the new Guidance on Development and Implementation of Active Politics of Employment 2018-2020 was adopted by the Government.

Stage

Fully operational

Foundations

Policy area

Measures for Gaining First Work Experience/Internship are measures used for qualification of young people for work in professions in which they were educated, with the aim of gaining experience or formal condition for taking state exam.

Policy goal

Support for employment with the aim of stimulating employment of unemployed people in unfavourable position at workplaces, available to all beneficiaries under the same conditions. They are in accordance with national and EU legislation in the field of state support. Support in the form of subventions for salaries, are allocated to entrepreneurs that employ young people without work experiences, and they amount to 50% of the expense of work of that person per year.

Mismatch

Other

Measures for Gaining First Work Experience/Internship are measures used for the qualifications of young people for work in workplace in professions in which they were educated, with the aim of gaining experience or formal conditions for taking state exams.

Aim of policy instrument

Administrative level

National

Main responsible body

Ministry of Labour and Pension System, Croatian Public Employment Service (CES).

Stakeholders

The Croatian Employment Service allocates supports for people without previous probation for internship in the form of subventions of the part of the expense of salary to employers that employ persons in unfavourable position in the labour market.

Funding

Supports for Employment for Gaining First Working experience/Internship (state budget, YEI, ESF): 78,246,526.70 HRK
Professional training for work without establishing employment (state budget, ESF (years 2015-2017)): 729,173.175 HRK

Intended beneficiaries

Beneficiaries include:
- Unemployed people without work experience registered in records of unemployed people of the Croatian Employment Service.
- Unemployed people without work experience in jobs at their educational level (from the field of education, health and social care) that were not employed with regular salary during the previous 6 months and are registered in records of unemployed people of the Croatian Employment Service.
- Unemployed people up to 30 years old that don't have more than 12 hours of internship in professions they were educated in and are registered in the records of unemployed people by the Croatian Employment Services for 30 days.
- Unemployed people that have obligation to take professional exam, and were already involved in a measure of professional training for work without establishing employment in full duration, but in lower level of education, and are registered in the records of unemployed people by the Croatian Employment Services for 30 days.
- Unemployed people that have obligation to take professional exam, with internships in professions they were educated for, who passed the limit, prescribed by the Ministry, in which it is necessary to take a professional exam (special rules by the Ministry regulate internships for certain professions), and the employer didn't enable them to take the professional exam, and that are registered in the records of unemployed persons by the Croatian Employment Services for 30 days.
- Unemployed persons more than 30 years old that don't have more than 12 months of internship in profession they were educated for and don't have formal criteria for taking a professional exam and are registered in records of unemployed persons by the Croatian Employment Service.

Processes

Use of labour market intelligence

In order to use the measure of Professional Training for Work Without Establishing Employment, the employer has to create a program of professional training for the participants. The employer also provides the mentor with adequate profession, level of education or work experience.

Financial schemes

The instrument is composed of three measures with different beneficiaries.
Support for Employment for Gaining First Working experience/Internship: In the private sector - 50% of the amount of gross salary, without maximum limit, in accordance with salary of that employer and travel expense. In public Services: 100% of the amount of internship salary, which is 85% of the workplace salary, in accordance with the Ordinance on Denominations of Workplaces and Coefficients of Complexity of Jobs in Public Services and Travel Expense.

Professional Training for Work Without Establishing Employment: To employer: mandatory contribution to pension insurance (Croatian Pension Insurance Institute) in the amount of 7.314,24 HRK for 12-24 months; mandatory contribution to health insurance (Croatian Health Insurance Institute) in the amount of 5.668,56 HRK for 12-24 months; and cost of education up to 7.000,00 HRK. To beneficiary: financial help that amounts to 2.751,84 HRK, paid by Croatian Employment Service; expense of taking professional exam covered by the Croatian Employment Service; and travel expenses paid by employer.

Training for Gaining Adequate Work Experience: To employer: mandatory contribution to pension insurance (Croatian Pension Insurance Institute) in the amount of 7.314,24 HRK for 12 months; mandatory contribution to health insurance (Croatian Health Insurance Institute) in the amount of 5.668,56 HRK for 12 months; and cost of education up to 7.000,00 HRK. To beneficiary: financial help that amounts to 2.751,84 HRK, paid by Croatian Employment Service; expense of taking professional exam covered by the Croatian Employment Service; and travel expenses paid by employer.

Frequency of updates

Reports on the implementation of the instruments of the Strategy for Lifelong Career Guidance in the Republic of Croatia 2016-2020 have not been published.

Development

Changes in 2018 compared to 2017 - Support for Employment for Gaining First Working experience/Internship: Ensured a higher amount of salary to people without an internship with the aim of gaining first work experience internship. Ensured the expense of the salary of interns in the public sector is covered.
Professional training for work without establishing employment: Stricter criteria for approval in cases when participants of professional training are not mandatory interns, especially in public and private sector. People can choose if they will be included into professional training in higher or lower level of education, if they can't find employment at higher level of education.
Training for Gaining Adequate Work Experience: Introducing this measure for people over the age of 30, who according to the Labour Act have an obligation of taking a professional exam.

Barriers

Reports on the implementation of the instruments of the Strategy for Lifelong Career Guidance in the Republic of Croatia 2016-2020 have not been published.

Success factors

Reports on the implementation of the instruments of the Strategy for Lifelong Career Guidance in the Republic of Croatia 2016-2020 have not been published.

Monitoring

Indicator to measure the progress of the policy instrument is the number of beneficiaries. A report on the implementation of the instruments of the Strategy for Lifelong Career Guidance contains statistics for 2015 and 2016 for professional training for work without establishing employment (32,494 for 2015 and 33,366 for 2016).

Innovativeness

Very innovative

The innovation is to give individual initiatives through a universal scheme available for employees, jobseekers, self-employed, whatever their status. Another innovative feature is to develop a training session chosen through an agreement between an employee and his manager or company responsible.

Sustainability

Evidence of effectiveness

The report on the implementation of the instruments of the Strategy for Lifelong Career Guidance contains statistics for 2014, 2015 and 2016 for supports for employment for gaining first working experience/internship (1,885 for 2014, 7,361 for 2015 and 8,108 for 2016) and professional training for work without establishing employment ( 9,000 for 2014, 32,494 for 2015 and 33,366 for 2016). In regards to professional training for work without establishing employment, there were 32,494 beneficiaries in 2015 and 33,366 in 2016.

Engagement of stakeholders

The Guidance on Development and Implementation of Active Politics of Employment specifies the role of the Croatian Employment Service in the policy.

Transferability

Easily transferable

Providing support for gaining first work experience/internship can be easily transferred.

Sustainability

The Guidance on Development and Implementation of Active Politics of Employment was adopted for the years 2018-2020, and the Strategy for Lifelong Career Guidance that created this instrument was adopted for the period 2016-2020. So it is expected that the instrument will continue for at least two years.