The Matching map consists of around 17500 combinations of 123 educational and 143 occupational groups, with detailed codes for the level of match for each combination. The codes shows the match both in regard to level of education, field of education and future labour market demand. Together with register data, the Matching map enables detailed statistics of skills match in the population, for example the number of educated working within their subject field, the share of over- and undereducated employees, as well as comparisons between regions and different social groups.
The goal is to enable detailed, grounded and complex analysis on skills match on the labour market. The extensive work that lies behind the Matching map is made in an attempt to develop the method for measuring skills match, taking it beyond direct comparisons between the classification of educations and the classification of occupations.
Assessing the skills match through directly comparing an individual’s educational level or field with his/hers occupational level/field, risk (at least in Sweden) to lead to misleading conclusions. One common reason for this is that many occupations in practice allow or require a different educational level than the stated, for example through changes in the educational system or in the employers demand. Another reason is that many occupations, such as analyst or private instructor, cannot be deduced to one single field of education.
The objective with the Matching map is therefore to provide policy makers, employers, labour market analysts etc. with better statistics on skills match, in relation to a wide range of policy areas.
<p>The Matching map is owned and administered by Statistics Sweden, but is a critical component in the production of statistics of skills match. This statistics was originally developed by the Swedish regions through a regional R&D-organisation called Reglab. Since 2015, this statistics is administered by Swedish Agency for Economic and Regional Growth.</p>
Around 900 hours of research and working meetings to collectively determine the codes of the Matching map.
As the Matching map provides more detailed statistics of skills match than previously available, a range of actors benefit, including the Swedish regions, the Swedish authorities, researchers, employers, the public and labour market analysts.
<p>The instrument develops labour market intelligence</p>
As the Matching map provides more detailed information on skills mismatches, they can be more successfully identified than before. This also supports the education system, recruitment processes in firms and other actions taken to improve skills matching - at different levels: national, regional, sectoral and for particular groups in society.
<p>The key innovative feature is acknowledging that manual and researched assessments are needed in order to produce more detailed statistics of skills match, combined with the three digit codes used in the map. Also, with declining response rates in surveys containing self-assessed skills match, the Matching map is an important data complement.</p>