EGF/2014/015 EL/Attica Publishing Activities
The actions of the policy instrument have been completed.
According to the decision of the European Parliament on the mobilisation of the European Globalisation Adjustment Fund, the proposed actions constitute active labour market measures within the eligible actions set out in Article 7 of the EGF Regulation. These actions do not substitute for passive social protection measures.
The instrument relates to 705 workers made redundant in 46 enterprises operating in the Publishing activities sector in the region of Attica. All of them are entitled to receive support in terms of counselling, training, business consultancy, self-employment subsidy and mobility allowance. Through a series of personalised services the instrument aims to support workers that lost their jobs in publishing enterprises due to the crisis. The personalised services, which are to be provided to the redundant workers consist of the following actions: occupational guidance (recording and investigation of the needs, skills assessment, personal and occupational development procedure, conducting the individual action plan, follow-up), training and vocational training, self-employment subsidy, job-search allowance and training allowance, mobility allowance.
The problem of skill mismatch is only conditionally mitigated by this instrument. Although the bottom-up approach of training needs identification is a precondition of effective skill anticipation, the latter has also some standards that only partially are met here (i.e. specific LMSI guidelines).
Aim of policy instrument
Main responsible body
Hellenic Management Association (EEDE) - Institute of Labour (INE GSEE)
INE GSEE (Institute of the General Confederation of Labour): implementing
VET providers: implementing
National Strategic Reference Framework (NSRF) Task Force at the Department of Employment and Social Economy of the Ministry of Labour, Social Security and Social Solidarity: monitoring and control, programme evaluation.
The sector-based trade union ETIPTA representing the biggest segment of the target-group (workers and employees in printing industries) actively motivated its members and encouraged them to take actively part in this action.
€4,915,250 (60% EGF funds, 40% national).
The estimated number of redundant workers expected to participate in the measures of this instrument is 705. They all live in the Attica region and were active in the publishing sector.
Use of labour market intelligence
Preparation - Design of the instrument: Identification of the targeted beneficiaries by age, sex, previous workplace. Implementation: Use of career counselling tools, skills assessment tools, vocational profilers, individual action plan etc. during the 25 counselling sessions. The counsellors were encouraged to provide relevant labour market information (without explicit guidelines though). Resting upon the provided information the beneficiary selected educational program and VET provider. If he/she was interested for starting a business he/she was entitled to business consulting. Business plans constituted the main tool of this activity.
Training vouchers, training benefits, contribution to business start-up and job creation subsidy.
Frequency of updates
The mapping of the publishing professional activities has been determined during the preparatory phase of the instrument. The identification of the training needs was mostly part of the first counselling sessions. In the last sessions of counselling, the career professionals of the project provided information and consultancy on labour market trends in an improvised way. Some references to and recommendations of specific LSMI would help.
At the beginning of the program, the strategy for the identification of the training needs of the targeted beneficiaries lacked clarity and coherence. After consultation between EEDE and INE GSEE, an identification tool with a bottom-up approach has been applied. After the first counselling sessions, the counsellors send the training demands of the beneficiaries to the coordinators. The coordinators gather the information and create inclusive educational programs, utilizing their knowledge of the labour market of the region. Until recently, most program operators were developing programs without taking into account the trainees' current needs.
The timetable of the instrument's activities was very tight. The barriers concerned mostly the promotion of entrepreneurship through financial support. Among those who were interested in investing in entrepreneurship, only a few individuals managed to successfully apply for self-employment subsidy. Another barrier, which was successfully overcome was the initial narrow definition of the employment status of the beneficiaries. Since some of them found a job after they had applied for the program, they face the possibility of exclusion. A broader definition of the eligible employment status rendered their participation secure.
Homogeneity of the target-groups and coherence of the program's activities improved the success of the instrument. The target group's representation from their trade union in the publishing sector (ETIPTA) was also a critical factor for the smooth operation of the program within a very tight timeframe.
The indicators that were used to measure progress of this EGF Action include the number of beneficiaries that completed the training, counselling, entrepreneurship and mobility actions.
The bottom-up approach in the identification of training needs could be considered as innovative. The vast majority of the beneficiaries finished their course successfully and this is related to their interest and motivation.
Evidence of effectiveness
No published record related to the instrument's effectiveness is available. Almost all of the beneficiaries (705 individuals) completed the counselling and training components of the instrument. The criteria and the rules related to the self-employment subsidy could be considered very strict. The competition among the training providers, who were striving for attracting beneficiaries/trainees had some positive aspects. The benefits from this open competition has to do with the supply of more learner-oriented training services adjusted to the needs of the target-group.
Engagement of stakeholders
The Ministry of Labour audited the actions that have been implemented under this instrument at the end of each separate phase. INE GSEE has delivered a coherent counselling methodology and the relevant counselling tools. EEDE provided expertise in business consultancy by guiding effectively the business consultants of the instrument. The sectoral trade union in the publishing sector (ETIPTA) was present during the discussions for the eligibility criteria regarding the participation of workers, who found a job after the program's initiation. Meetings between EDEE and INE GSEE have been organized in the beginning of each separate phase, but also ad hoc, if this was necessary.
The multiple counselling activities of the instrument, their tight connection to further activities (training, business consultancy, mobility) and the bottom-up character of training needs assessment, could be successfully transferred to other countries. The contingent presence of the sectoral trade union improved the commitment of many workers -members of the union. Finally, a certification component could critically enhance the instrument's impact on the skills recognition and validation.
Yes, crisis has impacted upon many sectors and industries, and such actions are targeted and usually have good results in terms of workforce upskilling in tandem with labour market needs. The synergies between business associations and trade unions can be proved critical, particularly if such instruments are associated with certification procedures.