Reference year 2019

    Understanding of apprenticeships in the national context

    Q2. Is there an official definition of ‘apprenticeship’ or ‘apprentice’ in your country?

    Apprenticeship is understood as a school-based dual system leading to formal qualifications (NQF/EQF 3), with alternating periods in school (2 days) and at the workplace (3 days) per week.

    Q3. At which level do apprenticeship schemes exist in your country?
    At upper secondary level
    At post-secondary (not tertiary)
    At tertiary level
    At sectoral level

    The New Modern Apprenticeship scheme (introduced in 2012 as a reform of the longstanding apprenticeship scheme) includes:

    • Preparatory Apprenticeship 1-2 years – at lower secondary level
    • Core Apprenticeship 3 years – at upper secondary level

    Preparatory apprenticeship is an optional school-based interim step for young people who have not completed secondary education through other school-based schemes and the actual apprenticeship offer at the core apprenticeship spell.

    Q4. How well-established are apprenticeship schemes in your country?
    A long history (before 2000)
    A recent history (in 2000s)
    Pilot scheme

    The Apprenticeship Scheme has a long history since it was introduced in 1963.

    In 2012, it was reformed and renamed into New Modern Apprenticeship by the Ministry of Labour, Welfare and Social Insurance.

    Q5. Relevant information that is essential to understanding the specificity of apprenticeships in the country and which does not fit under the scheme specific sections below.