The PIL aims at offering VET opportunities and general courses to early leavers between 16 and 21 years of age, combined with thorough individualised support. The PIL is a ‘one year only’ school – i.e. students do not obtain a qualification during the year. It doesn’t aim to qualify students, it aims to give early leavers the desire to learn again.
The Integrated pedagogical System in Hungary is a national programme that aims to enhance inclusive education. It requires the involvement and cooperation of teachers and external stakeholders. Schools participating in the programme report positive outcomes in classroom management, student autonomy, teacher-student relationships.
Students following the Irish Leaving Certificate Applied (LCA) accumulate credits by three different routes (satisfactory completion of modules; the student tasks; and the final examinations) over two years. They are certified on the basis of the total number of credits accumulated.
The LNC focuses on the acquisition of a formal qualification. The purpose is to help participants achieve a vocational qualification at the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) level 3 (vocational baccalaureate) over a period of 2 years.