The ESI measures countries’ “distance to the ideal” performance. This ideal performance is chosen as the highest achieved by any country over a period of 7 years. The ideal performance is scaled to be 100 and the scores of all countries are then computed and compared to that. Basis of the ESI are 15 individual indicators from various international datasets. The scores are calculated across countries at the indicators’ level. The scores are then averaged at the various layers and finally the Index score is formed. To illustrate, an Index (or pillar, sub-pillar etc.) score of 65 suggests that the country has reached 65% of the ideal performance. Thus, there is still 35% (100-65) room for improvement. A score of 100 corresponds to achieving the ‘frontier’, that is an aspirational target performance for that indicator. A score of 0 corresponds to a lowest-case performance. This page shows specific information on the scores achieved by the chosen country across pillars, sub-pillars and indicators. Below, you can find a short commentary on country’s skills system performance.
2020 scores and progress since 2018
For the index as a whole Malta ranks 13th in the 2020 release, a great improvement compared to the 19th position in 2018, with a poor score for the skills development pillar, but second highest for the skills matching pillar. These results place Malta in the “middle-achieving” group for 2020.
For the skills development pillar, Malta ranks 29th, with the second to lowest “upper secondary education (and above)”. In 2020 Malta ranks in the top half of EU Member States only in “pre-primary pupil-to-teacher ratio” (rank 13th) and in “recent training”, out of all the indicators in this pillar.
For the skills activation pillar, Malta ranks 11th, with the highest proportion of “recent graduates in employment” of all countries. However, Malta’s activity rate for those aged 25-54 is among the lowest in the EU (rank 23rd).
For the skills matching pillar, Malta ranks 2nd, with an “overqualification rate (tertiary graduates)” score close to the best in the EU (rank 3rd). Among the indicators of this pillar, Malta performs the poorest in “low-waged earners (ISCED 5-8)” (rank 15th).