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European Skills Index

The ESI measures countries’ “distance to the ideal” performance. This ideal performance is chosen as the highest achieved by any country over a period of 7 years. The ideal performance is scaled to be 100 and the scores of all countries are then computed and compared to that. Basis of the ESI are 15 individual indicators from various international datasets. The scores are calculated across countries at the indicators’ level. The scores are then averaged at the various layers and finally the Index score is formed. To illustrate, an Index (or pillar, sub-pillar etc.) score of 65 suggests that the country has reached 65% of the ideal performance. Thus, there is still 35% (100-65) room for improvement. A score of 100 corresponds to achieving the ‘frontier’, that is an aspirational target performance for that indicator.  A score of 0 corresponds to a lowest-case performance. This page shows specific information on the scores achieved by the chosen country across pillars, sub-pillars and indicators. Below, you can find a short commentary on country’s skills system performance.


For the index as a whole, Austria ranks 10th, with good performances in Skills Development and Skills Activation (ranks 7th and 3rd respectively) counterbalanced by a relatively poor performance in Skills Matching (rank 19th). It belongs to the “Middle-achieving” group of EU Member States.  

Austria ranks 7th in Skills Development, ranking 5th in VET students and below 10th in three other indicators. It does however have an average “Reading, maths & science score” (rank 14th) and “Pre-primary pupil-to-teacher-ratio” (rank 17th).

Austria performs very well in Skills Activation, ranking 3rd. Indeed, it has a good performance in both activity rates (rank 3rd and 6th in 20-24 and 25-54 cohorts, respectively) and ranks 4th in “Recent graduate in employment”.

The relatively poor performance in Skills Matching (rank 19th) is due to a very high “Higher education mismatch” (rank 23rd), which is only partially compensated by a low level of “Long-term unemployment” (rank 6th). In the other indicators in this pillar it ranks above 14th.