Technological advance, globalisation and integration of migrants pose new challenges to the labour market and have prompted a rethink about the skills needed and how to develop them. Initiatives to improve vocational education and training (VET) are underway across the European Union (EU). This was the central message of Cedefop Director James Calleja’s presentations to the European Parliament’s Employment and Social Affairs (EMPL) Committee, in Brussels on 23 February and the European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) the following day.
The labour market is changing; so too is training and learning for work. Europe’s ageing labour force – by 2025, the number of people aged over 55 in the working population will rise substantially – has to cope with technological advance.
Cedefop, the European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, has launched a photo competition inviting all EU residents, aged 18 to 30, to share their education and training experience through a photo.
Ideas for closer cooperation between Cedefop and the European Parliament, as well as national representations, were explored during a two-day visit (10-11 February) to the EU agency of a delegation of the parliament’s Employment and Social Affairs Committee (EMPL).
National qualifications frameworks (NQFs) across Europe are developing fast, evolving from a tool to describe qualifications systems into a means to reform and modernise them.
More than 130 experts and representatives of governments, social partners, education and training, and the labour market discussed how technology and workplace change impact on skill needs and how to create partnerships to address skill mismatch at Cedefop’s high-level conference in Thessaloniki this week. Findings of Cedefop’s European skills and jobs (ESJ) survey, were also discussed at the conference, which featured some world-renowned speakers.
More than one in four (27%) European employees are in dead-end positions with skills higher than needed to do their job and limited potential to grow. At the same time, 22% of employees say that their skills have not developed since they started their current job. These are some of the findings of Cedefop’s European skills and jobs (ESJ) survey, which will be discussed at a high-level conference in Thessaloniki on 7 and 8 December 2015.
Innovation in the labour market is reshaping vocational education and training (VET). In response VET itself is becoming more dynamic and innovative.
In 2013, around 49% of the 22 million learners at upper-secondary level in the European Union (EU) were in VET. Developing their ability to innovate can bring considerable economic and social benefits. VET also supports social innovation. Civic competences and social awareness skills acquired through VET can improve work organisation and strengthen civil society.
Cedefop is holding a conference on 26-27 November in Thessaloniki to discuss how globalisation influences national vocational education and training (VET) systems and how national VET provision can meet global needs.
More than 200 participants explored and debated work organisation and skill development practices that benefit both employers and employees at a joint seminar organised by Cedefop, Eurofound and the European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) in Brussels on 19 November.
Following on from the success of the first European apprenticeship conference in 2014, Cedefop’s second such event, on 9 and 10 November in Thessaloniki, will be a learning experience addressed to a wide range of stakeholders with a role in helping small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) increase their apprenticeship offer.
Demografie und Wirtschaft beeinflussen die Beschäftigungsentwicklung
Deutschland ist neben Frankreich, Österreich, Schweden und dem Vereinigten Königreich eines von mehreren Ländern, die heute einen höheren Beschäftigungsstand aufweisen als vor der Wirtschaftskrise. Dennoch sagen Prognosen für Deutschland bis 2025 vorläufig einen Beschäftigungsrückgang voraus – und das trotz des Wirtschaftswachstums. Grund: das sinkende Arbeitskräfteangebot (Abbildung 1). Wie sich der derzeitige Flüchtlingszustrom auf die Gesamtbeschäftigung auswirken wird, ist dabei noch nicht absehbar.
Vocational education and training (VET) can help attract young people with different abilities and learning backgrounds to education. It also plays a decisive role in retaining them in the education system or reintegrating them after a drop-out experience.
Not a lack of economic growth, but rather a lack of people in the labour market could hold back employment in Poland over the next decade.
According to forecasts produced by Cedefop, employment in Poland is expected to be slightly lower in 2025 than it is today (Figure 1). In contrast, in the EU overall, employment is expected to rise to its highest levels over the next 10 years.
The outlook for Malta’s labour market over the next decade is reasonably good, but skills need to improve to sustain it.
The forecasts produced by Cedefop - a European Union (EU) agency that analyses training and the labour market – show that between now and 2025, employment in Malta is expected to continue to be high (Figure 1). Job growth, like elsewhere in the EU will be driven by the business services and the distribution and transport sectors, with some small job losses predicted in manufacturing and construction.
The forecasts produced by Cedefop - a European Union (EU) agency that analyses training and the labour market – show that, between now and 2025, most job growth will be in construction – the sector worst hit by the crisis. Other sectors that should see job growth are distribution and transport sector and business and other services and non-marketed (mainly public) services (Figure 1).
Many of the skills Europe needs for sustainable economic recovery will be learned at work. According to Cedefop’s new European skills and jobs survey, to overcome skill mismatches, more and better jobs that invest in people’s skills are needed.
Employees face a constant challenge to learn new things to keep up with rapidly changing skill demands. The survey, the first pan-European on skill mismatch, finds that almost half (47%) of EU adult workers have seen the technologies they use change since they started their job; 21% also consider it very likely that several of their skills will become outdated in the next five years.
One of Cedefop’s main priorities is to support EU Member States and social partners in further developing and improving vocational education and training (VET) and lifelong learning policies and practices. To be able to do this systematically, Cedefop has launched a series of policy learning forums on a range of subjects. The aim is to establish a continuous process of sharing and learning where initial policy learning events are followed up through continued cooperation.
Europe’s labour force is getting older, but not enough adults participate in learning. In 2014, just over 10% of adults (aged between 25 and 64) participated in lifelong learning, well below the European Union’s (EU’s) target benchmark of 15% by 2020. There are signs that more employers are providing training, but other changes are needed to encourage adults to learn more.
By 2020, employment in the European Union (EU) is forecast to be back to its 2008 pre-crisis levels (Figure 1). But the overall picture masks differences between countries on the rate of job growth and the types of jobs that will be available, highlighting the varied challenges for vocational education and training systems across countries and sectors.