Nation-wide campaigns promote enrolment in IVET programmes
In July 2019, the Agency for VET and Adult Education (ASOO) and the economy ministry (MINGO) launched nation-wide campaigns for the promotion of VET during the main enrolment period in upper secondary education. The enrolment data indicate increased share of students in initial VET, showing that VET is becoming the first choice of many students, including high achievers.
The Finnish vocational education and training (VET) is competence-based, customer-oriented and accessible to all. It supports continuing learning and is designed to meet labour market and learner needs, including adults. VET is flexible and individualised: a personal competence development plan is drawn up for each learner. It recognises learners’ existing skills, outlines what competences are still required for a qualification and explains how to acquire them. Learners may acquire full qualifications or individual parts, and even combine parts of different qualifications.
In January, an innovative cooperation project between Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania was concluded. The TTT4WBL project focused on a novel research-based approach in work-based learning (WBL) – tandem training – for the joint training of Estonian, Latvian and Lithuanian VET teachers and company trainers involved in work-based learning (in the project, they are both called WBL tutors).
Employers appreciate apprenticeships, according to a report evaluating the new apprenticeship pilot phase. Companies and learners value the approach but the report also identify areas where improvements are needed.
The former Danish Government’s political agreement on VET includes initiatives aimed at giving skilled professionals more and better opportunities to enter higher education. The initiatives came into force in the summer of 2019.
Over 580 VET students competed in WorldSkills Croatia, where they demonstrated their abilities in 43 disciplines. These included, for the first time, categories for students with disabilities and cross-sectoral disciplines in technologically progressive industries, such as robotics and mechatronics. Practical and team work tasks were at the heart of this year’s event, which attracted more than 10 000 visitors.
Two new study programmes were announced in 2019 and were praised as an excellent example of innovative cooperation between industry and the education system.
The second comprehensive survey of Czech VET schools in 2018 suggests that cooperation with employers is one of the top priorities and indicates that employer interest in cooperation has been increasing since the last survey in 2015/16.
Progress in the organisation and the regulatory framework for implementing dual education and training in Bulgaria has been noted by all stakeholders. The work to implement the dual system in the country has provided multiple benefits: helped to increase the share of practical training; made practice in real working environments available; provided learners with scholarship opportunities for grades 9 and 10; and given opportunities to sign job contracts and receive salaries for learners of grades 11 and 12.
In Bulgaria, the first models have been developed for improving the attractiveness of the most in-demand professions in the labour market. Models to increase the attractiveness of 16 professions in machine building, electrical engineering, transport and medicine sectors were developed by the Industrial Capital Association.