An increasing number of countries are furthermore setting up NQF based on learning outcomes, other countries are considering moving in this direction.
The launching of EQF and ECVET both based on learning outcomes - have increased the attention to learning outcomes and may be seen as catalysts for national reforms in this field. The expectations to the learning outcomes approach are thus higher than ever before.
Many see this shift as an opportunity to tailor education and training to individual needs, to improve the links to the labour market, to improve the way non-formally and informally acquired learning outcomes are recognized and to guarantee the quality of education and training.
Others, however, see this these expectations as unrealistic and exaggerated.
The shift from input in the education process to learning outcomes can also be seen in the broader perspective of more autonomy and the capacity of policymaking of schools.
Cedefop participated in this event