Work-based learning is important not only in IVET, but also in CVET.

On-the-job training as a form of work-based learning, contributes to upgrading skills that are particularly important for specific jobs or specific work environments, emphasizing a learning-by-doing approach. On-the-job training is an important, and often more flexible, form of employer-provided training.

The indicator below is defined as the percentage of all employees (in all enterprises surveyed) who participated in on-the-job training in the reference calendar year. On-the job-training refers to planned periods of training, instruction or practical experience in the workplace using the usual tools of work either at the immediate place of work or in the work situation. On-the-job training is the second most common form of employer-provided training.

Figure 5: Employees participating in on-the-job training (%)

Source: Eurostat, continuing vocational training survey.

Key points

In 2010, 20% of employees in the EU were reported by their employers as having participated in on-the-job training over the previous 12 months. In most countries, participation rates ranged between 10 and 20%. The Czech Republic (31%) had the highest participation rate, followed by the United Kingdom (30%), and Germany (28%). Slovenia, Lithuania, Sweden, Belgium, Latvia and Slovakia reported high levels of participation in on-the-job training (all above 20%), whereas Greece reported the lowest level (below 10%). Among non-EU countries, data are only available for Norway where 22% of employees participated in on-the-job training.

Table 5: Employees participating in on-the-job training (%)

(u) Eurostat: "low reliability". (z) Eurostat: "not applicable". (e) Eurostat: "estimated".


Source: Eurostat, continuing vocational training survey.

Data insights details

Related Theme


Annex 1: short description of indicators and additional notes


Annex 2: Reading the indicator statistical overviews